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see electronic mailelectronic mail
or e-mail,
the electronic transmission of messages, letters, and documents. In its broadest sense electronic mail includes point-to-point services such as telegraph and facsimile (fax) systems.
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(Electronic-MAIL) The transmission of text messages from sender to recipient. E-mail messages can also be formatted with graphics like a brochure or Web page, an enhancement that many users like, but that creates more spam and a security risk (see HTML e-mail).

Users can send a mail message to a single recipient or to multiple users. In addition, JPEG photos as well as any other type of computer file may be attached to the message (see e-mail attachment). Mail is sent to a simulated mailbox in the organization's mail server until it is downloaded to the "in" mailbox in the user's computer.

The Messaging System and the Client
An e-mail system requires a messaging system, which is primarily a store and forward capability based on the Internet's Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). A mail program (e-mail client), such as Windows Mail, Mac Mail, Outlook and Eudora, provides the user interface for mailboxes and send and receive functions. Popular e-mail services such as Gmail and Yahoo Mail are Web based, in which case the Web browser is used as the mail program (see e-mail interfaces).

The Internet Changed It All
The Internet revolutionized e-mail by turning countless incompatible islands into one global system. Initially serving its own users, in the mid-1990s, the Internet began to act as a mail gateway between the major online services such as CompuServe and America Online (AOL). It then became "the" messaging system for the planet. In the U.S., Internet mail is measured in the trillions of messages each year. See e-mail vs. fax, messaging system, instant messaging, read receipt and self-destructing e-mail.

Could They Have Imagined Spam?
When they sent this first message in 1971, could they have imagined the trillions of e-mail messages that would follow in years to come? (Image courtesy of Dan Murphy, www.opost.com/dlm)

The First E-mail on the Internet

In 1971, the first e-mail message was typed into the Teletype terminal connected to the Digital Equipment PDP-10 toward the back of the room in the following picture. The message was transmitted via ARPAnet, the progenitor of the Internet, to the PDP-10 in front. Dan Murphy, a Digital engineer, took this photo in the Bolt, Beranek and Newman datacenter. See ARPAnet.

Could They Have Imagined Spam?
When they sent this first message in 1971, could they have imagined the trillions of e-mail messages that would follow in years to come? (Image courtesy of Dan Murphy, www.opost.com/dlm)
References in periodicals archive ?
CONTACT: Mark Rockwell of the Electronic Messaging Association, 703-524-5550; mrockwell@ema.
It manufactures an array of electronic messaging software solutions under its WorldLink(TM) trademark.
This new feature is built into the SprintMail global electronic messaging service and requires no extra effort on the part of the private electronic mail user.
The proliferation of notebook computers has prompted a new wave of computing," said Randall Edmiston, electronic messaging marketing manager of Pacific Bell Connection.
The electronic messaging system will be used by the MOR for internal communications among its 3 million employees at more than 5,000 locations.
400 connection to its SprintMail global public electronic messaging service.
A year later he became project manager for electronic messaging and directory services solutions.
The multi-year agreement calls for the development of a global electronic messaging capability that initially will link the Office Automation Systems (OAS) and Local Area Networks (LANs) of 29 Unilever locations on four continents.
OTCBB: MBYTF), a web- based provider of telephony, electronic messaging, and unified communications based document processing and management solutions to businesses worldwide, reported results today for its fiscal third quarter ended September 30, 2002.
400 domains (ADMDs), allowing interconnection with other compliant electronic messaging systems and services worldwide.
Moving Bytes is a web-based provider of advanced unified communication solutions in telephony, electronic messaging and document management, to businesses worldwide.
Moving Bytes is a branded provider of one-to-one and one-to-many unified communications and electronic messaging solutions to companies worldwide.

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