electronic paper

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electronic paper

(1) A generic term for an extremely thin flexible display that can be rolled up. There are several technologies in the works, and this type of display is expected to become mainstream by 2015.

The Smartphone in a Pen
This OLED display screen unrolled out of a pen may seem far fetched, but such products are expected to be commercialized in a few years (see OLED). (Image courtesy of Universal Display Corporation, www.universaldisplay.com)

(2) A paper-thin display technology that uses charged black and white elements oriented toward the viewer when a charge is applied and which retain their formation without power. The first electronic paper was developed at Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (www.parc.com) in the 1970s. It used a thin sheet of Xerox Gyricon plastic, containing millions of charged beads with black and white hemispheres. When the paper was fed through a "printer," a voltage pattern was applied, and the beads were oriented toward their black or white side, or half way for gray. Although the Gyricon Media Inc. subsidiary was created to develop the technology, it never worked well enough to become a product.

Another Approach
In the 1990s, another electronic paper technology was developed at MIT Media Labs that placed the black and white elements inside a microcapsule. E Ink Corporation was created in 1997 to further develop and market the method, and it succeeded (see E Ink).

The First Electronic Paper
Nick Sheridan, who invented the electronic paper at PARC, and Fereshteh Lesani show the first roll of paper produced by 3M. (Image courtesy of Palo Alto Research Center.)

As Sharp as Paper
In 2008, Epson demonstrated a super-high-resolution prototype display using E Ink technology. At 385 dpi, this 13.4" display provides an outstanding 3104 x 4128 pixel resolution. (Image courtesy of Seiko Epson Corporation.)
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the patent grants for Apple describes the use of a system and method about display visual content through hybrid electronic paper and video displays.
Consultants who designed the system believe it to be the first in the world to link solar power and electronic paper to provide passenger information.
Man-machine interface technologies and products developer Hanvon Technology Co Ltd unveiled on Wednesday the world's first colour electronic paper book.
By making it flexible, electronic paper excels in portability, and it is anticipated that it will become the perfect new device for the mobile society of the future.
Choi, vice president of LG Display in charge of its electronic paper division, said at the Reuters Global Technology Summit in Seoul.
The development of electronic paper has been in process for years, following parallel tracks in many laboratories in the world.
Borders stores, including some airport locations, will be outfitted with custom-designed display fixtures that will enable customers to learn about the device firsthand and experience reading with the high-contrast, high-resolution electronic paper display.
A new, flexible display technology - electronic paper - is about to hit the High Street.
Fujitsu Frontech Limited, and Fujitsu Limited (TSE:6702)(ADR: FJTSY) today announced their joint development of the world's first film substrate-based bendable color electronic paper with an image memory function.
Among potential applications, the team says, are drug-delivery capsules, bar codes for tagging tissues in biomedical research, pixels for electronic paper, and components in electronic or light-based circuitry.
The MX834 is claimed to be the first standard product driver for electronic paper displays based on E Ink Corp's electronic ink technology.
In these sheeters, electronic paper tension controls and automated paper web guiding and steering systems ensure that the paper is accurately positioned for the slitting and cross cutting processes.

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