Several attempts have been made to improve the physical properties of electroplated
Ni on an industrial scale by varying the bath composition through the use of chlorides, nitrates, acetates, and Ni methanesulphonic acid .
In the case 7 [micro]m - 12 [micro]m, experimental data indicate the slight improvement of fatigue strength showed by cadmium electroplated
AISI 4340 steel, 8 [micro]m - 13 [micro]m.
The use of electroplated
nickel as the interlayer is of interest in this study considering nickel's thermal expansion coefficient which is close to that of hard metal, and that diamond can deposit and grow on nickel substrate [3, 5, 6].
Replacing the screen-printed silver with electroplated
copper overcomes the disadvantages of silver screen printing, enabling higher efficiencies and reduced fabrication costs.
The first electroplated
structures produce good results.
The process for producing electroplated
layers with nano-capsules has been developed by researchers from the Fraunhofer Institute for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA in Stuttgart, together with colleagues from Duisburg-Essen University.
Tin/lead or tin can be electroplated
, and occasionally they can be deposited from an electroless chemistry to act as a metal etch resist.
Boettinger of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in Gaithersburg, Md., and his colleagues made thin bronze cantilevers, electroplated
them with tin or tin alloys, and then monitored flexing of the strips in response to compressive or tensile stresses in the films' microstructures.
The coating is comprised of at least one electroplated
layer and a color layer comprised of a refractory metal oxide or refractory metal alloy oxide wherein the oxygen content of the refractory metal oxide or refractory metal alloy oxide is a stoichiometric oxygen content layer on the color layer.
For the deposition of under bump metalization (UBM), sputtering and electroless processes are common, while the solder bumps themselves are either printed or electroplated
The model is then electroplated
to form the tool cavity.
Brass is first electroplated
on a small diameter steel rod that is then reduced to filament size by multiple drawing operations.