The same applies to electroreflectance (ER), making use of an externally applied modulated electric field on the sample .
Aspnes, "Third-derivative modulation spectroscopy with low-field electroreflectance," Surface Science, vol.
Studna, "Schottky-barrier electroreflectance
: application to GaAs," Physical Review B--Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, vol.
spectroscopy, second harmonic generation and sum frequency generation spectroscopies are applied to probe electronic structure of the electrode surface and the molecular dynamics of interfacial phenomena .
The HITL group converted the electroreflectance
data into a virtual world.