The second device is a grating light valve, a MEMS reflection grating producing bright and dark pixels in a display system by controlled diffraction of incident light due to electrostatic deflection
The MagneTOF detector uses a combination of magnetic and electrostatic fields for electron deflection within the device, whereas most conventional ion detectors use only electrostatic deflection
. One of the inherent properties of crossed magnetic-electrostatic deflection is an ability to transfer electrons from one surface to another with close to zero time distortion.
Studies of these nanotubes have shown that electrical voltage can be used to induce electrostatic deflection
and vibrational resonance in individual carbon nanotubes.
There are people working on electrostatic deflection
of the valve diaphragm, magnetic deflection, shape memory alloy deflection, and expansion of phase change of a trapped fluid.