In addition to modeling her own teaching, Sarah helped content-area teachers plan lessons, suggested appropriate classroom materials and tools, coached novice teachers in the fundamentals of ELL instruction, and coordinated among teachers to ensure that they used consistent instructional practices.
Further, every school should make it a priority to help teachers provide high-quality ELL instruction across the curriculum.
Language status: Candidate references ELL English proficiency level or status (e.g., newcomer) or language proficiency descriptor
Content knowledge: Candidate references ELL mathematical (content) knowledge and/or understandings about math
** Bacidia subincompta (Nyl.) Arnold: 8: ELL (BC-RONDA 124, 126, 129, 134, 147).
Blastenia herbidella (Hue) Servit: 8: ELL (BC-RONDA 149), FGR (MACB 108899): 11: RPB (MACB 109163); 12: RPB (MACB 109163); 16: ABF (LEB-Lich 8045); 17: ELL (BC-RONDA 166); 19: ELL (BC-RONDA 227), FGR (MACB 108980).
Although the participants classified parental resistance as a barrier to identification, the most common theme throughout the data was the school-level barriers to the prereferral process with Latino ELLs. Each teacher described having to "fight to get a child identified" because special education departments or other school personnel resisted or refused ELL identification.
I'm told to wait because they read the information that it takes 5 to 7 years for an ELL to become proficient in academic language.
Predictive utility statistics in Table 10 further compare ELL
students with non-ELL students.
Based on the current and previous research findings, counselors and educators from dominant culture or counselors from particular regions with small ELL
populations may experience less self-efficacy, which can impede their ability to be culturally responsive and address the cultural needs of ELLs
efficiently (Holcomb-McCoy et al., 2008; Jimenez-Silva et al., 2012).
* California has the most ELLs
at 22.8% of the public school population
The author goes beyond issues related to the curriculum and language proficiency and discusses topics such as bullying and advocacy for ELLs
in Chapter 5.