emic and etic


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emic and etic

a distinction originating from LINGUISTICS (Pike, 1967), but now widely used in sociology and anthropology between accounts made from a perspective indigenous or internal to a language or social situation (an emic account), and those made from a perspective external to the language or social context, including sociological observers' accounts (etic accounts). See also MEANINGFUL UNDERSTANDING, HERMENEUTICS, FORMS OF LIFE.

The original distinction stems from the linguistic terms phonemic and phonetic.

Whereas a phonemic account rests on the speaker's own recognition of patterns of sound, phonetic accounts are based on the observer's model and measurement of these differences.

References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords Cultural differences * Emic and etic * Poland and Germany * Qualitative methodology
In an effort to study both emic and etic dimensions of religious coping, the study also examines these responses within the framework of Pargament and colleagues' (1998; 2000) religious coping constructs to determine responses that are consistent with findings across other cultures (eric) and to identify and describe responses that are culturally specific to Guatemala and Kenya (emic).
Yet there are things an insider may miss about his or her culture, and things an outsider probably can never know, despite Fixico's exhortation to "think like an Indian."(8) Fuller understanding hopefully comes from multiple, sensitive emic and etic perspectives.
It has been argued that all cross-cultural research should adopt a combination of emic and etic approaches (Berry, 1969).
Pike's linguistic theory called tagmemics, which analyses language and behavior through the identification of emic and etic units (Pike 1971).
Other relationships observed for Biblical Foundationalism nevertheless seemed relevant to the possible interaction between emic and etic perspectives.
Views from the inside and outside: Integrating emic and etic insights about culture and justice judgment.
Trustworthiness * Reliability * Equivalence * Emic and Etic Approaches