émigré

(redirected from emigre)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

émigré

(āmēgrā`), in French history, a refugee, usually royalist, who fled the French Revolution and took up residence in a foreign land. The émigrés comprised all classes, but were disproportionately drawn from the privileged. Immediately after the fall of the Bastille (1789), the exodus of the princes of the blood began, and successive waves of emigration took place after that date. King Louis XVILouis XVI,
1754–93, king of France (1774–92), third son of the dauphin (Louis) and Marie Josèphe of Saxony, grandson and successor of King Louis XV. In 1770 he married the Austrian archduchess Marie Antoinette.
..... Click the link for more information.
 himself tried to flee (1791) France but was arrested at Varennes. Many of the émigrés gathered about Prince Louis Joseph de Condé (see under CondéCondé
, family name of a cadet branch of the French royal house of Bourbon. The name was first borne by Louis I de Bourbon, prince de Condé, 1530–69, Protestant leader and general.
..... Click the link for more information.
, family) and the king's brother, the comte d'Artois (later King Charles XCharles X,
1757–1836, king of France (1824–30); brother of King Louis XVI and of King Louis XVIII, whom he succeeded. As comte d'Artois he headed the reactionary faction at the court of Louis XVI.
..... Click the link for more information.
), to form a counterrevolutionary army to restore the old regime. In Oct., 1792, the Convention, a Revolutionary national assembly, decreed the confiscation of their property and their perpetual banishment. After 1802, Napoleon permitted the émigrés to return to France, with restrictions. Many rose to power in the empire. With the restoration of the monarchy (1814) the rest of them returned and became a powerful reactionary group opposing the moderate policies of King Louis XVIIILouis XVIII,
1755–1824, king of France (1814–24), brother of King Louis XVI. Known as the comte de Provence, he fled (1791) to Koblenz from the French Revolution and intrigued to bring about foreign intervention against the revolutionaries.
..... Click the link for more information.
. The comte d'Artois favored them, and when he ascended the throne (1824) a law was passed indemnifying the nobility for their confiscated estates. This pro-émigré (or, more properly, ultraroyalist) legislation helped to bring about the July Revolution of 1830 against Charles X. The term émigré has subsequently been applied to refugees from any revolution.

Bibliography

See D. Greer, The Incidence of the Emigration during the French Revolution (1951, repr. 1966), M. Weiner, The French Exiles, 1789–1815 (1960).

émigré

a person living in enforced exile from his or her native country

Émigré

 

a citizen who voluntarily or under compulsion leaves his own country for political, economic, religious, or other reasons to settle in another country.

Emigration does not automatically entail the loss of one’s citizenship; this question is resolved according to the legislation of the émigré’s country of citizenship. Emigrés who have lost their citizenship and have not acquired a new citizenship become stateless persons. Political émigrés generally enjoy the right of asylum. States may permit citizenship to be restored, on easier terms than would otherwise be the case, to émigrés who have lost it. The procedure by which an émigré obtains citizenship in his country of residence is determined by its code of laws.

In capitalist countries in the imperialist period emigration has become widespread among the working people, many of whom have been forced to leave their motherland in search of work. Emigres in this category are placed in a particularly difficult situation: they do not possess all the rights of the citizens of the state in which they live, and they perform, as a rule, especially hard work, for which they receive lower wages than do citizens. They live in worse housing, and many of the social insurance laws and unemployment benefits do not apply to them. The elimination of discrimination against immigrant workers is an important demand of the Communist parties of the capitalist countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
Some historical accounts credit the emigres of the 1930s with revolutionizing American science in fields such as physics, where several formed the core of the Manhattan Project, and chemistry, where three won Nobel Prizes.
His specialization as a musicologist was medieval music; this book resulted from a late-career project to document the experiences of European emigre musicians in Canada, many of whom were his teachers, colleagues, and friends.
Vincent Brook delves deeper into the emigre nexus by focusing on German Jewish emigre directors who fled to the United States to escape persecution in the 1930s.
There is no doubt that Hitler's emigre musicians in Southern California enriched and transformed that region's musical culture.
2) In the Serebrennikovs' case, the general editor of the book underscores the rarity of diaries kept by emigres and anticipates that the diaries will generate "great interest" in the information they provide on emigre life.
The 14 chapters of the book are organized into two themes: why emigre professors came to Turkey in the first place, and why they eventually left Turkey.
Notable contributions by the printmakers, among the most prominent of which was Leopoldo Mendez, whose Deportacion a la muerte (Deportation to Death), (3) illustrated in the book, has been called one of the earliest depictions of the Holocaust outside Europe, and by such emigre authors as Anna Seghers, Bodo Uhse and Egon Erwin Kisch, all members of the editorial committee, demonstrate significant elements in an influential stage of their creators' careers, termed by art historian Peter Chametzky as the " 'pre-history' of the German Democratic Republic.
One valuable appendix to this book is the list of exile artists with details of their birth and death, artistic professions, reasons for emigration, place and period of internment, and information about membership of or participation in emigre organizations.
The 15-year-old daughter of a powerful German emigre is missing and another girl has been murdered in a way that resembles a case from the past.
Raku (front) and Swirled ceramic vases by Zuzana Licko of Emigre (4 1/2 in.
The topics addressed include political institutions, civil-military relations, constitutional change, civil society, gender equality, race and cultural politics, economic transition, social policy and social welfare, corruption, the emigre community, ideology and memory, and relations with the United States.
German-Jewish emigre historians in the United States continued the prewar German tradition of intellectual history while their postwar German colleagues concentrated mostly on social history.