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in the Islamic world
1. an independent ruler or chieftain
2. a military commander or governor
3. a descendant of Mohammed
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in the countries of the Orient, a title for Muslim rulers equivalent to the title of prince. Until the adoption of Islam in the seventh century, the title emir was applied to military leaders; it was later used for Muslim rulers with secular and religious power, such as the emir of Bukhara and the emir of Afghanistan. The title is given to the sons of Arab monarchs in certain countries, including Saudi Arabia. The leaders of large groups of pilgrims to Mecca are also called emirs.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Emir of the State of Qatar was given a 21-gun salute.
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Emir Qatar is likely to participate in Investment Conference on Sunday.
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In his meeting with Sayyid Fahd, the Emir of Qatar expressed deepest condolences on the death of Sayyid Turki.
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Earlier, the Emir of Kuwait and Emir of Qatar arrived here today.
A security officer told FNA on Saturday that the quarrel was over the numerous and lavish expenses of the foreign trips that Emir's mother, former queen Sheikha Moza bint Nasser al-Missned, has been taking alongside not just his husband the former emir, but the country's prime minister and former foreign minister, including her last trip to Tel Aviv.
Doha : The Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, is expected to meet members of the royal family on Monday, with Qatari officials and diplomats saying a transfer of power to his son, Crown Prince Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani, is imminent.
Qatari Emir Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani visited Cairo on Wednesday to meet with President Mohamed Morsy for the second time since the Egyptian president was elected.