mental illness

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mental illness

any of various disorders in which a person's thoughts, emotions, or behaviour are so abnormal as to cause suffering to himself, herself, or other people
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

mental illness

disease of the mind. Mental illness varies from transitory episodes of anxiety or depression (see NEUROSES) which interfere with normal daily living through the mood changes involved, to the PSYCHOSES which may require in-patient psychiatric treatment to control the severe changes in mood and behaviour associated with them.

A sociology of mental illness has developed as a response to epidemiological studies which have pointed to social causes of mental illness (e.g. depression and bad housing), and from the impetus of the theories of the anti-psychiatrists, such as LAING (1960) and Szasz (1961). See also ANTI-PSYCHIATRY, MADNESS.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

mental illness

[′men·təl ′il·nəs]
(psychology)
Any form of mental aberration; usually refers to a chronic or prolonged disorder in which there are wide deviations from the normal.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The measure of suicidal actions (in the previous six months) is based on the question in the Offord scale which invites the responses "never," "sometimes," or "often" to the statement: "I deliberately try to hurt or kill myself." The frequency of "often," for both the emotional disorder items and the harassment/assault items (presented in Table 2) was not specified in the questionnaire.
To a query, the two senior professionals said in case of organic the disease can be categorized as mental disorder while environmental factors lead to emotional disorder.
46.2% of children had substance use disorder, 23.1% of children had emotional disorder and 15.4% of children had behavioural disorder and developmental disorder.
The other requires firearm owners to surrender their weapons if diagnosed with a mental, behavioral or emotional disorder.
If you suspect that you are experiencing depression, anxiety or another emotional disorder, talk to your healthcare professional about treatments that can work for you, and call 1-800-344-4867 to talk to an MS Navigator for more support and resources in your area.
In terms of reinforcement, the helping professionals found that the best type of reinforcement for a student with an emotional disorder was time with a preferred staff or extra counseling time.
* One in five children in the state has an emotional disorder that affects their daily functioning.
The estimates are based on data from SAMHSA's 2009-2011 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, which calculated the rates of cigarette smoking among people aged 18 years and older in the United States who reported having "any mental illness," defined as "a diagnosable mental, behavioral, or emotional disorder, excluding developmental and substance use disorders" in the past year.
Anorexia can be a medical condition or an emotional disorder characterized by an obsessive desire to lose weight by refusing to eat.
The Preventing Mental, Emotional, and Behavioral Disorders report for Policymakers recommended the proven approaches for management of emotional disorder as follows: Strengthening families by targeting problems such as substance use or aggressive behavior; teaching effective parenting skills; improving communication; and helping families deal with disruptions such as divorce or adversities such as parental mental illness or poverty.
There is no mention of the possibility that the person concerned may suffer from a mental or emotional disorder.
The research also found 19.4% of children born to teenage mothers, 23.2% of children born to early 20s mothers and 9% of children born to older mothers had an emotional disorder at age 11.