mental illness

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mental illness

any of various disorders in which a person's thoughts, emotions, or behaviour are so abnormal as to cause suffering to himself, herself, or other people
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

mental illness

disease of the mind. Mental illness varies from transitory episodes of anxiety or depression (see NEUROSES) which interfere with normal daily living through the mood changes involved, to the PSYCHOSES which may require in-patient psychiatric treatment to control the severe changes in mood and behaviour associated with them.

A sociology of mental illness has developed as a response to epidemiological studies which have pointed to social causes of mental illness (e.g. depression and bad housing), and from the impetus of the theories of the anti-psychiatrists, such as LAING (1960) and Szasz (1961). See also ANTI-PSYCHIATRY, MADNESS.

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

mental illness

[′men·təl ′il·nəs]
(psychology)
Any form of mental aberration; usually refers to a chronic or prolonged disorder in which there are wide deviations from the normal.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
To prevent the disease, it is crucial to shed light on the emotional disturbances side by side the traditional risk factors of high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, cholesterol and smoking.
In addition to their personal emotional disturbances, these men had many concerns about their wives.
Emotional disturbances and psychological problems have been associated characteristics of hearing impairment.
African-American students are more than twice as likely as all other ethnic groups to be identified as having emotional disturbance. (9) Leading theories for this disparity include a cultural misunderstanding between African-American students and their predominantly white teachers and administrators, and the conscious and subconscious biases of teachers and administrators.
The federal criteria for emotional disturbance found in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA, 1997; IDEIA, 2004) specify that a student must exhibit one or more of five characteristics, over a long period of time, and to a marked degree that adversely affects educational performance.
Children with mental illness or disordered behaviors are usually identified as "emotionally disturbed," "deviant" or "socially maladjusted." Although contemporary psychiatric and psychological practices as well as some social policies apply the term "mental illness" to children, contemporary special education practice and policy continues to employ the terms "emotional disturbance" and "social maladjustment."
According to the United States Department of Education (USDOE) approximately 2% of school-age children in the United States have been determined to have some form of an emotional disturbance. In addition to this percentage of prevalence it is important to note the following:
In contrast to research on specific personality measures and their success or lack of success in identifying specific emotional disorders, there is a lack of data on the use of multiple measures to assess emotional disturbance. The fact that responsible clinicians would not determine and diagnose serious emotional disturbance based solely on any single instrument suggests, by itself, a glaring omission in the applied literature.
108-446), defines students eligible for special education services as those who meet the criteria for one or more of the following: autism, hearing impairment, mental retardation, orthopedic impairment, other health impairment (which includes attention deficit hyperactivity disorder), serious emotional disturbance (now referred to as emotional disturbance), specific learning disability, speech or language impairment, traumatic brain injury, and visual impairment.
The Study of Personnel Needs in Special Education (2002) reported that in comparison to other special education categories, "positions for teachers of students with emotional disturbance seem particularly difficult to fill, and the teachers in those positions, as a group, are less well prepared than their colleagues" (p.
Mr Justice Toulson said of the incident: "The officer did not suggest the behaviour caused him to suffer emotional disturbance.