empathy


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.

empathy

the feeling of being able to experience vicariously what another person is experiencing. The ability to empathize is crucial in many interpersonal relationships and social settings. If family members do not experience empathy with each other, discord is more likely than if a climate of EMPATHIC UNDERSTANDING exists. Close friends, by definition, have an empathic relationship.

Empathy is one of ROGERS’ (1951) three conditions for a successful client-counsellor relationship, the other two being genuine warmth, and unconditional positive regard. Empathy is central to PERSON-CENTRED COUNSELLING, since this perspective holds the view that the client's problems can only be understood by the counsellor through experiencing the client's phenemonological field. For this empathy is required.

Empathy is also sometimes seen as central to techniques of MEANINGFUL UNDERSTANDING AND EXPLANATION widely used in sociology See also EMPATHIC UNDERSTANDING, VERSTEHEN.

Empathy

 

(German, Einfuhlung), term used in psychology, art, and aesthetics to designate the transference to an object of the feelings and moods which it has evoked. The feelings of sadness or joy which a person experiences on beholding a certain landscape, for example, are projected into that landscape and are perceived as its properties; thus it appears as a sad or a happy landscape.

The concept of empathy was first set forth by F. T. Vischer in 1887, and it became a fundamental principle in the aesthetics of the German philosopher T. Lipps, who defined empathy as “objectified feeling.” It became widespread in the theory of art at the beginning of the 20th century—Vernon Lee and W. Worringer, among others, used the term—and it was frequently interpreted in a subjective and idealist spirit.

REFERENCES

Vygotskii, L. S. Psikhologiia iskusstva, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1968.
Worringer, W. “Abstraktsiia i vchuvstvovaniie.” In Sovremennaia kniga po estetike: Antologiia. Moscow, 1957. (Translated from English.)
Lipps, T. Zur Einfühlung. Leipzig, 1913.
References in periodicals archive ?
A study led by scientists from the University of Cambridge, the Institut Pasteur, Paris Diderot University, the CNRS and the genetics company 23andMe, which used information from more than 46,000 23andMe customers, first revealed that our empathy is partly down to genetics.
However, other contextual cues may explain the relationships between oneness, empathy, and helping.
Over the last 20 years, numerous empirical data have been produced showing that reading books enhances empathy.
Psychologists describe empathy in three ways: You can think it, feel it or be moved by it, Zaki says.
Conclusion: Although medical schools tend to raise students with higher empathy levels, medical education itself is more scientific based than humanistic approach, and makes medical students more tough and insensitive to the problems of patients.
It's crucial to teach empathy to children and why it matters as a 21st century global trait.
Empathy can be both a business attribute and a personal attribute, but if you are developing an engaged culture, it is both.
BLOOM'S CRITIQUE OF EMPATHY BEGINS with the commonsense observation that there are many other sources of moral conduct.
Some researchers regard empathy as a cognitive quality, whereby, rather than feeling the experiences of others, the observer tries to judge, understand, and analyze the behavior, experience, and present state or situation of the person observed (Homburg, Wieseke, & Bornemann, 2009; Smith et al.
Empathy as a character trait emerges when least expected.
Students enrolled in the integrated modular system had a higher mean empathy score than students in the discipline-based system (44.
They make this recommendation because empathy appears to be limited and biased in ethically problematic ways.