For illustration, as pointed out by Wagner-Nagy (2016: 3206), in Nenets, there are two minor exceptions from the total absence of prefixation: the emphasizer
prefix wu- and the interrogative prefix xa- attach to the negative auxiliary [niis.sup.j] to yield Tundra Nenets [wuniis.sup.j] and Forest Nenets winis.
In (2), the rendering is a derivational adjective (sgambate1) accompanied by an emphasizer
(the adjective bello), typically used in informal spoken Italian.
With the help of a consultant, we identified the personality type of each team member: controller, performer, analyst or emphasizer
. This helped them understand themselves but also helped me as a manger better motivate and help support them.
Aitchison does tentatively suggest that the 'double negative', once a conventional emphasizer
in earlier English, was purged by the efforts of one particularly influential grammarian (6); however, some recent research has suggested that many double negative constructions had already disappeared from the written educated language before prescriptivists had drawn attention to them.(1) But the odd omission is inevitable in a book that surveys a few contentious and highly complex subjects so succinctly - more superficially than Pinker's The Language Instinct but perhaps more successfully in that more readers will finish it and perhaps even fare farther.
For negations of type 3, Hamblin supposes that there "is a natural order of events that will prevail provided nobody, or nobody relevant, interferes." This sort of negation, Hamblin tells us, can be expressed with "the use of emphasizer
words" as in
Typically, if an emphasizer
accompanies a negative verb form, the achieved effect is different from what it would be like otherwise.
Also, they lose in pragmatic significance as they tend to have a subsidiary role in a syntactic unit, adding a stance or functioning as an emphasizer
. More precisely, they seem to have undergone a process of subjectification, i.e.
In this study the following categories of boosters have been selected: (a) emphasizers
(e.g., in fact, it is clear that/de hecho, esta claro que, etc.); (b) amplifying adverbs (e.g., certainly/seguramente, etc.); (c) superlatives (e.g., the most beautiful, the greatest, the best/elmas bonito, el mejor, etc.); and (d) hyperboles (e.g., splendid, magnificent, universal/esplendido, magnifico, universal, etc.).
(8) Alternative labels that have been used for such uses of SELF-intensifiers include "predicate emphasizers
" (Dirven 1973), "non-head-bound intensifiers" (Edmondson and Plank 1978), "adverbial reflexives" (Browning 1993), "agentive intensifiers" or "self-forms" (Kemmer 1995; Hole 2002), and "adverbial intensifiers" (Krnig 1991; Siemund 2000; Gast 2002).
Among intensifying adjectives Quirk and Greenbaum (1973: 122-3) distinguish between emphasizers
, like certain ('sure') winner, an outright lie, pure ('sheet')fabrication, a real ('undoubted') hero, and amplifiers.
This article emphasizers
the need for support during both retrieval and customization of analogical specifications.
"It truly is user friendly," Carlson emphasizers
. "It handles DOS 3.3, ProDOS and GS/OS applications within one menu.