Emphasis

(redirected from emphatically)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal.
Related to emphatically: empathy

Emphasis

A special importance or significance placed upon or imparted to an element or form by means of contrast or counterpoint; a sharpness or vividness of outline.

Emphasis

 

the marking, or singling out, of individual elements and shades of meaning of an utterance.

Emphasis can be achieved by various means. It is expressed primarily through emphatic stress, lengthening, and rising or falling intonation. For example, in the sentence la dúmaiu, chto on pridet (“I think that he will come”), the speaker’s certainty can be underscored by lowering the pitch on the word dumaiu (“think”); uncertainty can be conveyed by raising the pitch. Emphasis is often accompanied by a logical stress pattern, in which there is a rising pitch and a lengthening of the stressed vowel, as in Kto chital étu knigu? (“Who read this book?”).

Emphasis can also be expressed by a number of lexical-syntactic means: (1) The use of special emphatic auxiliary words—for example, la zhe vam govoril (“I did tell you”) and, in English, “I did see him.” This usage is sometimes referred to as the emphatic mood. (2) A departure from neutral word order (seeINVERSION). For example, compare la chital etu knigu (“I read this book”) with Knigu etu ai chital (“This book I read”). (3) The use of a special emphatic construction in which the rheme is stressed—for example, in French, C’est jean qui l’a fait (“John did it”). In Aramaic there is a special emphatic construction formed by a noun and a postpositive article, as opposed to the usual construction consisting of an article followed by a noun. (4) The use of anaphora and repetition—for example, khodil-khodil (“[he] walked and walked”) and den’-denskoi (“all day long”).

An emphatic effect in a formal, elevated style can be obtained through the use of the plural of mass nouns, as with sneg (“snow”) in Pod nim Kazbek, kak gran’ almaza,/Snegami vechnymi siial (“Under him Kazbek, like the facet of a diamond/Shines with eternal snows,” M. Iu. Lermontov).

REFERENCES

Bally, C. Frantsuzskaia stilistika. Moscow, 1961. (Translated from French.)
Bloomfield, L. Iazyk. Moscow, 1968. (Translated from English.)

V. A. VINOGRADOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Instead of a kit of parts, it was monolithic; instead of repetition, it was a variable system to have been fabricated by CNC (computer numerical controlled) water jets; in place of the desire for thinness as an index of efficiency, it was emphatically thick.
We continue to emphatically disagree with Consumer Union's methods in evaluating the Ionic Breeze.
No other country has so emphatically proclaimed this niche-oriented destiny.
A day after the city comptroller expressed concern about the financial feasibility of the city's proposed $3 billion redevelopment for the West Side, the construction industry released its own report throwing its weight emphatically behind the plan.
According to accepted scientific standards even such an emphatically pretentious topic may be treated in a coolly systematical, analytical way, in a kind of anatomy of divine inspiration.
We recently decided to take the StorStation LIB-D81/A2 autoloader for a test drive and as my IT administrator emphatically put it "We're keeping it
In February, theTV star was investigated and cleared over allegations that he had sexually abused a young boy in the 1970s,claims he emphatically denied throughout the police inquiry.
Arriaga, MD, (3) were emphatically recounted by Fred D.
The recent conclusion of a 13-year study emphatically implies that running postpones general disability in the elderly and prolongs life.
Once things get going, she emphatically gives the lie to the myth that women can't write hot and convincing gay male sex scenes.
Fernandez emphatically denied rumors spreading in some circles that the delay is due to Satmex's inability to finance the US$350 million project.