empirical sociology

empirical sociology

any form of sociology which places emphasis on the collection and analysis of data. However, more specifically the term refers to forms of sociology using SOCIAL SURVEYS or carefully documented PARTICIPANT OBSERVATION.

Sociology of this latter type has represented a major strand within the discipline as a whole, especially within US sociology (e.g. empirical studies of SOCIAL STRATIFICATION, CLASS, VOTING BEHAVIOUR). This general approach to sociology has sometimes been criticized as failing to explore important questions of theory (see ABSTRACTED EMPIRICISM), or, in the case of questionnaire-based and statistical research, as involving MEASUREMENT BY FIAT (see ETHNOMETHODOLOGY, OFFICIAL STATISTICS). However, these charges can be countered as far too sweeping, by pointing to the existence of much empirical sociology in which significant theoretical hypotheses are explored (see EMPIRICISM, LAZARSFELD, THEORIES OF THE MIDDLE RANGE).

References in periodicals archive ?
The rare exceptions where less than one-third of the respondents identified as critical-feminist researchers came from universities with fewer respondents, such as McGill, which touts their historical contributions to establishing "empirical sociology in Canada" on their website.
Adorno's contributions to empirical sociology have not played an important role in his American profile.
London, UK, in March 2008, on Gender, Class, Employment and Family, Scott (empirical sociology, U.
However, Hesmondhalgh tempers this critical political economy approach by employing aspects of empirical sociology of culture, communication and cultural studies.
Equally certainly, empirical sociology, particularly in its ethnographic mode, is marked by a preoccupation with the grubby details of life in hospitals and doctors' offices that often seems far removed from any higher analytic issues.[2]
In their influential studies of "hooliganism", Stephen Humphries and Geoffrey Pearson have both pointed to the existence of violent gangs such as the "scuttlers" of Manchester and Salford during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.(1) However, in the absence in Britain of a tradition of research in empirical sociology to parallel the classic Chicago studies of the gang during the 1920s and 1930s, our knowledge of youth-gang formation in British cities prior to the Second World War remains patchy.(2)
Tracing the concept from Comte through the Vienna school philosophers (Schlick, Neurath, Carnap, and Hahn, for example), to the logical empiricism of Hempel, Oppenheimer, and Nagel, Giddens carefully works through the relationships between philosophical debates about positivism and the development of empirical sociology. This discussion sheds much light on the profound impact that logical positivism had on the formation of sociological thought and method.
Empirical sociology resulted from a growing concern with urban social problems and their amelioration.
This book will undoubtedly serve as a resource for individuals who work in or study the following fields: public health, medical sociology, public policy, community health work, sexuality studies, empirical sociology, community-based or action research, epidemiology and qualitative research.
Articles cover such topics as ethics, legal issues, research design tools, data quality, middleware for distributed data management, analysis of social networks, nonreactive data collection, survey methods and design, interviewing, focus groups, multi-user virtual environments, video analysis, access for secondary analysis, geographical data, data mining, artificial intelligence, longitudinal statistical modeling, qualitative research, empirical sociology, and the relation between online research methods and social theory.
We need to be able to discuss openly the fact that many post-structuralist and cultural studies theorists without training in empirical sociology are intolerant of just the kind of methodological diversity we need to keep the discipline strong.
In short, the author writes from a clear and forthright perspective, deals sympathetically and very widely with a huge variety of issues, and argues knowledgeably from within a considerable number of disciplinary perspectives (history, cultural studies, women's studies, feminist theory, empirical sociology, anthropology, the psychoanalytic tradition, Marxism, men's studies, etc.).

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