employment

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employment

any activity engaged in for wages or salary In sociology, there has always been a healthy scepticism about the simple equating of paid employment with work, yet in the wider society the prevailing meaning of the word is just that – so, ‘an active woman, running a house and bringing up children, is distinguished from a woman who works: that is to say, takes paid employment’ (R. Williams, 1976).

Sociologists have long been aware that WAGE LABOUR, to give its technical name, is only a particular form of work, gaining its centrality and definition from the specific set of productive relations which occurs within capitalist, market-exchange economies. Work, in such societies, is identified with employment, which involves ‘the sale and purchase of labour power as a commodity in a market, resulting in the direction of activity during “working hours” by persons who have acquired the right to do so by virtue of the labour contract’ (Purcell, 1986). See also PRODUCTIVE AND UNPRODUCTIVE LABOUR, LABOUR THEORY OF VALUE, SOCIOLOGY OF WORK, PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SPHERES, DOMESTIC LABOUR.

References in periodicals archive ?
Wrexham Labour MP Ian Lucas records in the register: "I employ my wife, Norah Lucas, as part-time Secretary.
The panel's recommendation said: "AMs who employ family members .
Ian Austin (Lab Dudley *North), the Minister for the West Midlands, employs his wife Catherine Miles as a part-time office manager and secretary.
The Labour MSPs include Rhona Brankin, who employed her daughter Ruth, Helen Eadie, who employs husband Robert, Charles Gordon, who employs son Gavin's IT firm, Hugh Henry, who employs his sister-in-law Lindsay McAlpine, Cathy Jamieson, who employs son Michael Sharpe, and Andy Kerr, who employs wife Susan.
To minimize this apprehension, the law enforcement community should establish not only firm guidelines on the use of force, but also on the method it employs to evaluate the effectiveness and judiciousness of such actions.
Debra Dent, co-owner of the Kenora Physiotherapy and Sports Injury Clinic, says her practice employs four physiotherapists and that the Lake of the Woods District Hospital employs an additional four.
These calciners are internally fired and employ a unique fluidizing plate.
The council's deputy leader, Allan Pritchard, added: "A large proportion of the agency staff we currently employ are seasonal workers such as grass cutters and tourism support staff for major events and then there are those who provide critical services such as social workers, which we must employ to ensure the most vulnerable in our society are supported.
The European Parliament has already decided that it is not appropriate for MEPs to employ relatives.
This subset excludes two risky jobs in the construction industry--construction helpers and laborers--which employ far more wage and salary workers than self-employed individuals.
As Project Employ reaches its mid-point, the research staff has completed a series of surveys and focus groups.