employment bureau

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employment bureau,

a government-run establishment for bringing together the employer offering work and the employee seeking it. As a not-for-profit service, employment bureaus operate differently from privately run firms, such as employment agencies, temporary job agencies, and executive search firms, that charge fees to employers for filling a job opening. In Great Britain the first public employment bureau was opened in 1885 at Egham. A national system was established in 1909, and when the Ministry of Labour was later founded, both unemployment insurance and the labor exchanges were transferred to it. The exchanges charge no fees. In Germany local public exchanges were founded in the late 1800s. France has had public employment agencies since 1916. The International Labor Conference of the League of Nations in 1919 included in the convention on unemployment an article providing that ratifying states would establish free public labor exchanges. In the United States the first state regulation of private employment agencies was in 1848, and Wisconsin and Minnesota required licensing by 1885. Other states enacted similar licensing laws. The first state agency was established in 1890 in Ohio. The federal government in 1907 opened employment offices within the former Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization. In 1918 the Employment Service was established as a unit in the Dept. of Labor. By the time World War I ended, decreasing appropriations and considerable opposition rendered it practically ineffective. With the passage of the Wagner-Peyser Act in 1933, the United States Employment Service (USES) was reestablished as part of the Dept. of Labor. Its functions were to develop a national system of public employment offices, furnish information on employment opportunities, and maintain a system for clearing labor among the states. The USES maintains over 1,700 employment offices in the states and territories that provide about 3.2 million workers with jobs annually. Since the 1960s Congress has passed several acts that expand the scope of services offered by the USES, including the Area Redevelopment Act (1961), the Manpower Development and Training Act (1962), The Vocational and Educational Act (1963), and the Economic Opportunity Act (1964), the Job Training Partnership Act (1982), and the Economic Dislocation and Worker Adjustment Assistance Act (1988). Since 1979, the USES has given employers tax credits for hiring disadvantaged workers.


See G. de Guzman and C. Corbett, The Job Bank Guide to Employment Services (1989).

References in periodicals archive ?
With other companies downsizing and folding, "there is an abundance of applicants looking for work," said Cindy Schelber, owner of Personnel Plus, an employment agency in Anchorage.
While other agencies had to close down, we succeeded in retaining our successful collaboration with a British employment agency that we have been dealing with for six years.
Last night, the Labour opposition suggested that Merseyside councils should create an employment agency to fill vacancies within the local authority.
There are important differences between temporary agency workers and people who have found a fixed-term or permanent job through an employment agency.
In January, Ferrera was joined by about 30 protesters outside of the Ho Ho Employment Agency, which recruited him.
0 It features a customized software package that will assist you in creating a business plan specif ca y for starting an employment agency.
An employment agency told the researcher: 'Send in your CV and I'll have a look.
The YWCA LinksToJobs program will establish a community based employment agency as part of the YWCA Skills Development Centre.
Companies are required to give participation and vesting credit to employees for the time they performed services for the company through an employment agency before becoming a regular employee.
The Swedish interactive training services provider Academedia said today (1 August) that it had signed a framework agreement with the employment agency of the Copenhagen metropolitan area in Denmark.
Sean, of Morecambe, Lancs, was told by his employment agency that he'd be working in the Dutch flower trade.

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