employment bureau


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employment bureau,

a government-run establishment for bringing together the employer offering work and the employee seeking it. As a not-for-profit service, employment bureaus operate differently from privately run firms, such as employment agencies, temporary job agencies, and executive search firms, that charge fees to employers for filling a job opening. In Great Britain the first public employment bureau was opened in 1885 at Egham. A national system was established in 1909, and when the Ministry of Labour was later founded, both unemployment insurance and the labor exchanges were transferred to it. The exchanges charge no fees. In Germany local public exchanges were founded in the late 1800s. France has had public employment agencies since 1916. The International Labor Conference of the League of Nations in 1919 included in the convention on unemployment an article providing that ratifying states would establish free public labor exchanges. In the United States the first state regulation of private employment agencies was in 1848, and Wisconsin and Minnesota required licensing by 1885. Other states enacted similar licensing laws. The first state agency was established in 1890 in Ohio. The federal government in 1907 opened employment offices within the former Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization. In 1918 the Employment Service was established as a unit in the Dept. of Labor. By the time World War I ended, decreasing appropriations and considerable opposition rendered it practically ineffective. With the passage of the Wagner-Peyser Act in 1933, the United States Employment Service (USES) was reestablished as part of the Dept. of Labor. Its functions were to develop a national system of public employment offices, furnish information on employment opportunities, and maintain a system for clearing labor among the states. The USES maintains over 1,700 employment offices in the states and territories that provide about 3.2 million workers with jobs annually. Since the 1960s Congress has passed several acts that expand the scope of services offered by the USES, including the Area Redevelopment Act (1961), the Manpower Development and Training Act (1962), The Vocational and Educational Act (1963), and the Economic Opportunity Act (1964), the Job Training Partnership Act (1982), and the Economic Dislocation and Worker Adjustment Assistance Act (1988). Since 1979, the USES has given employers tax credits for hiring disadvantaged workers.

Bibliography

See G. de Guzman and C. Corbett, The Job Bank Guide to Employment Services (1989).

References in periodicals archive ?
The External Affairs Ministry is also assisting us in this matter," Foreign Employment Bureau spokesman M.
The decision to block domestic workers from travelling to Bahrain was taken by the Sri Lankan Foreign Employment Bureau.
In his view, one of the reasons for the fictitious reduction of the number of unemployed individuals is their erasure from the lists of the Employment Bureau. He says that Macedonia is the only country in the world that gives salaries for employees that don't go to work.
The newest idee fixe that should reduce the great unemployment rate in Macedonia, according to Svetlana Vukcevik from Vreme, is the unemployed to prove that they have actively searched for a job in the period from one to another registration in the Employment Bureau. Despite the criticism from experts that this idea is unfeasible in practice and simply impossible, the Government is resolved to implement this decision.
A spokesman for Sri Lanka's Foreign Employment Bureau said: "The landlord and his wife hammered 24 nails into her when she complained of the heavy workload."
Sri Lanka's Foreign Employment Bureau said Ariyawathi had been too afraid to complain about the abuse to Saudi authorities, fearing that her employers might not let her return home.
The minister said in a recent statement: "Muhammad Jameel could be described as an employment bureau considering the amount of work he is exerting in the way of creating job opportunities for Saudis.
In November 1968, the Employment Bureau division of the Israel Ministry of Labor established its first local office in the Palestinian territories, and by 1976, there were 34 such offices, 24 on the West Bank and 10 in the Gaza Strip and southern Sinai (Southern Sinai was returned to Egypt in 1982 (The State Comptroller, 27th Annual Report, 1976: 471).
In 1918 it operated an employment bureau for discharged soldiers and sailors, in the 1930sit opened a job club to try and counteract the effects of the depression and in 1942it gave over its Mount Pleasant building to the American Red Cross to treat injured soldiers and provided beds to almost 666,000 servicemen.
Melvina Daniel, of Chatham Road, Northfield, had been employed for ten years by the Arcadia Group Limited at its Evans fashion shop at Northfield, a Birmingham Employment Bureau was told.
Randstad Employment Bureau has traded from the Plas Eirias Business Centre for the last two years but has now opened its first high street location in Penrhyn Road.
The government provides some compensation for victims of sexual or labor exploitation who register with the Sri Lankan Foreign Employment Bureau.

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