Contract of Employment

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Contract of Employment

 

under Soviet law, an agreement between a worker and an enterprise, institution, or organization, according to which the worker is obligated to work in a given job (specialty, qualification, or function) and to adhere to the rules of the internal work order. In turn, the enterprise, institution, or organization is obligated to pay the worker a wage and to ensure the conditions of labor provided by labor legislation, the collective agreement, and the agreement between the parties. The conditions of labor, including payment, that are provided by labor legislation and the collective agreement are not worked out by the parties in a contract of employment; however, the obligation of the administration to provide these conditions derives from the contract. If the conditions of a contract of employment worsen the position of the employee in comparison with or in contradiction of standards specified in labor legislation, the contract is void.

A contract of employment may be concluded for an indefinite term, for a definite term not exceeding three years, or for the period needed to complete a specific job. This is usually determined by direct agreement between the employee and the manager of the enterprise or institution.

A contract of employment may be concluded in oral or written form. Hiring is formalized by an order or instruction of the management presented to the employee for his signature.

A contract of employment providing for work of an indefinite period may be dissolved by the employee on the condition that he give one month’s written notice. On the initiative of the management, a contract of employment may be dissolved only in cases specified by law and only with the consent of the local, factory, or plant committee.

In capitalist countries a labor contract is legally a contract of personal hiring, but in economic terms it is a contract of forced sale of man power by an employee to a capitalist.

REFERENCE

Smoliarchuk, V. I. Sotsialisticheskii trudovoi dogovor. Moscow, 1974.
References in periodicals archive ?
Furthermore, based on the aforementioned provisions of the Employment Law and Ministerial Decree, upon expiry of your employment contract you may approach the MOHRE and lodge a complaint against your employer for non-renewal of employment contract and medical insurance.
(TAP) - Some 83 job-seekers in Sidi Bouzid governorate have been awarded employment contracts under the "Dignity Contract" programme, said regional director of vocational training and employment, Nizar Khaldi.
The clause in the employment contract was clear and unambiguous, which limited Nutting to two weeks of pay, the minimum notice required by the Alberta Employment Standards Code, http://canlii.ca/t/52bwr.
whether the employment contract is terminated by the employer or the employee, or whether termination is due to a "change in circumstances" (discussed below);
A standard employment contract in the UAE contains information on pay, date and duration of the contract, and the nature of the work to be performed.
Biotage AB (STO:BIOTA) announced on Monday that its board of directors and Torben Jorgensen have agreed to extend Jorgensen's current employment contract as Biotage's CEO and president up and until April 2019 when he will be 67 years old.
In addition to the standard labour contract, companies execute a separate employment contract with the employee reflecting detailed terms and conditions of employment together with the benefits
- period of temporary stay of migrant worker and members of his family will be determined by the employment contract;
Article 8 of the Labor Law states that an employment contract is an agreement whereby one party (the employee) undertakes to perform work in subordination to the other party (the employer), who undertakes to pay the employee.
Unfortunately, working set shifts for a regular period does not result in the entitlement to continue to work those set days, unless these days are part of a written contract such as an employment contract or a written agreement with a manager who is authorised to agree to set shifts.
Case (C-588/12), brought before the EU judges by Antwerp's Labour Court, concerns an employee of the company Lyreco, who extended her maternity leave with part-time parental leave of four months under an employment contract of indefinite duration.
A COVENTRY law firm has urged employers to seek legal advice before varying or terminating an employment contract.

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