Contract of Employment

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Contract of Employment


under Soviet law, an agreement between a worker and an enterprise, institution, or organization, according to which the worker is obligated to work in a given job (specialty, qualification, or function) and to adhere to the rules of the internal work order. In turn, the enterprise, institution, or organization is obligated to pay the worker a wage and to ensure the conditions of labor provided by labor legislation, the collective agreement, and the agreement between the parties. The conditions of labor, including payment, that are provided by labor legislation and the collective agreement are not worked out by the parties in a contract of employment; however, the obligation of the administration to provide these conditions derives from the contract. If the conditions of a contract of employment worsen the position of the employee in comparison with or in contradiction of standards specified in labor legislation, the contract is void.

A contract of employment may be concluded for an indefinite term, for a definite term not exceeding three years, or for the period needed to complete a specific job. This is usually determined by direct agreement between the employee and the manager of the enterprise or institution.

A contract of employment may be concluded in oral or written form. Hiring is formalized by an order or instruction of the management presented to the employee for his signature.

A contract of employment providing for work of an indefinite period may be dissolved by the employee on the condition that he give one month’s written notice. On the initiative of the management, a contract of employment may be dissolved only in cases specified by law and only with the consent of the local, factory, or plant committee.

In capitalist countries a labor contract is legally a contract of personal hiring, but in economic terms it is a contract of forced sale of man power by an employee to a capitalist.


Smoliarchuk, V. I. Sotsialisticheskii trudovoi dogovor. Moscow, 1974.
References in periodicals archive ?
Workers should be able to retain copies of the standard employment contract they sign in their countries of origin, contracts should be written in a language they understand, and they should be able to access a grievance mechanism in the UAE that can resolve complaints quickly, and penalise offenders.
Further you may consider filing a complaint with the Client & Investor services department of SAIF-Zone in writing, stating that your employer has defaulted in payment of salary as stated in the revised employment contract.
A written form is required for employment contract with a fixed duration of one year or more.
A lawmaker is proposing to require all recruitment agencies, employment agencies, labor providers and direct-hiring employers of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) to provide a parallel translation in Filipino or in any of the major Philippine Regional of Indigenous Languages, of the employment contracts that the OFWs will sign before their deployment abroad.
Employers are often unaware that making changes to an employment contract can result in legal proceedings even if the reasons for making the changes are not the fault of the employer.
It is inadvisable for a hiring group to include an NCC in its employment contract.
A Collective Employment Contract is usually agreed between the employer and the employee's union.
Indian workers in Malaysia who are already working on a valid employment contract, should therefore know that the new minimum wage will not apply in their case until the expiry of their existing contracts," a high commission statement said
So if the employment contract simply sets out a holiday entitlement as 28 days including bank holidays, the employer would not be obliged to concede the Royal Wedding day holiday.
According to the provisions of the Law on Companies, an employment contract shall be concluded with the manager of the company.
The employment contract finds its content in the same sources as the contract for a cup of coffee.
The second type of employment contract is one which is of indefinite duration, that is, its term is 'open ended'.

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