caries

(redirected from enamel caries)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

caries

progressive decay of a bone or a tooth

Caries

 

a pathological process involving the gradual destruction of bony tissue or teeth.

Caries of bony tissue is caused by degeneration or infection of bone or periosteum that results in necrosis of portions of bone followed by absorption or disengagement of the dead tissues and formation of a bone ulcer. Caries may also be accompanied by specific inflammatory processes (for example, tuberculosis or syphilis). The mechanism of development and clinical symptoms of caries vary with the cause, location of the focus, and so forth. In acute inflammations (for example, osteomyelitis), when a focus of suppuration arises in bone and sometimes spreads to the surrounding tissues, caries is manifested by systemic intoxication, and bone destruction progresses rapidly. In chronic and especially specific processes, caries develops slowly without severely pronounced symptoms. Treatment consists in medication (antibiotics, sulfanilamides) and specific treatment (anti-syphilitic, antituberculotic). Surgery is frequently effective.

caries

[′kar·ēz]
(medicine)
Bone decay.
Tooth decay. Also known as dental caries.
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparing the AUC of the different examination methods, the DD was found statistically significant better than XR for enamel caries while for dentine caries the DD did not differ statistically from the other methods (Table 4).
The enamel caries limits used in this study were close to those previously used in primary teeth in vivo [Kavvadia and Lagouvardos, 2008] and in vitro using histological examination as the reference method [Attrill and Ashley, 2001; Francescut and Lussi, 2003; Lussi and Francescut, 2003; Mendes et al.
In the present study, for enamel lesions, the DD device, exhibited much higher sensitivity than specificity in contrast with other studies using primary teeth where the specificity of the DD for enamel caries was found to be higher than its sensitivity [Lussi and Francescut, 2003; Rocha et al.
The DD exhibited the highest validity for enamel caries as found by the AUC and this agrees with previously in vitro findings [Lussi and Francescut, 2003; Mendes et al.
Observations on the dark zone in early enamel caries and in artificial caries-like lesions.
Sealant Coverage Clinical Appearance A Sealant covering all of fissure system B Sealant present on >50% fissure system C Sealant present on <50% fissure system D No sealant present Caries Score Clinical appearance 0 Surface sound, no caries 1W Initial enamel caries - white spot lesion 1B Initial enamel caries - brown spot lesion 2 Enamel caries 3P Caries into dentine - cavity <0.