camp

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camp

Informal
consciously artificial, exaggerated, vulgar, or mannered; self-parodying, esp when in dubious taste

Camp

 

a place for the stationing of troops outside inhabited communities (usually in a sparse forest or grove), which is specially equipped depending on the mission to be performed.

Camps have been known since ancient times. A distinction was made between campaign and permanent camps. The latter were protected by a moat and a wall and were reinforced with palisades or stones and several rows of carts; some camps were surrounded by a thick wall with a moat flanked by towers. In combat, fortified camps served as combat positions for the army and places for storing food and ammunition. The art of setting up camps reached a high point of development in ancient Rome. Later other peoples began applying the Roman art of setting up camps.

In Russia rules of setting up and fortifying army camps were expounded for the first time between 1607 and 1621 in the Regulations on Army, Gunnery, and Other Affairs. Training camps appeared in Russia in the 17th century. Peter I was the first to decree that troops should spend some time in training camps. In the 17th and 18th centuries, when linear tactics predominated, troops were deployed in a camp in a linear combat order. Until the middle of the 19th century the choosing of a site and the setting up of camps was a separate branch of the art of warfare, called castrametation. In the second half of the 19th century the development of artillery and other means of destruction made it necessary to disperse the troops in combat, and camps lost their importance as fortified stations of troops.

The Soviet armed forces and armies of other states have training camps and training centers, which have a role to play in the combat training of troops under field conditions. For the training of troops camps are equipped with training fields, target ranges, firing grounds, and other facilities. When troops are stationed in camps and training centers, the special features of the routine garrison duty are determined by the corresponding regulations.

cAMP

(biochemistry)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Nusra Front also surrounded the nearby Rwihana and Breiqa encampments, where other U.
In an encampment down the road, however, some seasonal workers said while they don't consider themselves refugees they had nonetheless registered with the United Nations in hopes of getting aid.
If our goal is to help people move out of homelessness and become integrated members of society, a homeless encampment would not help.
A senior Home Office source said the department had drawn up a series of proposals that pave the way for the removal of protests and encampments in Parliament Square.
Previous unrest surrounding the Oakland encampment helped rally support nationwide for Occupy Wall Street, a movement launched in New York in September to protest against economic inequality and excesses of the financial system.
DANGER: A journalist and anti-government protesters take cover, above OPERATION: Smoke rises from the anti-protesters' encampment, above, an armoured vehicle breaks through a barricade into the camp, right, and soldiers prepare to open fire, below
The sum of the three amounted to the land refereed to as the Oziel Alves encampment.
LANCASTER -- David Lee Fernandez was a small-time crook from Pacoima on parole when he laid claim to a piece of a makeshift homeless encampment in the desert.
The bewildered family thought the encampment was a free caravan site and stayed overnight.
On the eve of Shiloh, one of the war's bloodiest battles, a strange teenager appears at the encampment of General William Tecumseh Sherman.
Initial funding came from KUPF-Innovationstopf, a regional cultural organisation for Upper Austria, but the project gained momentum through the generosity of suppliers, doubtless tickled by Strauss's off-the-wall vision of an encampment of temporary, tubular troglodytes.
Nineteen years before the port colony of New Orleans was founded in 1718, Pierre Le Moyne named his encampment "Pointe du Mardi Gras" some 60 miles downstream from present day New Orleans.