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consciously artificial, exaggerated, vulgar, or mannered; self-parodying, esp when in dubious taste
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a place for the stationing of troops outside inhabited communities (usually in a sparse forest or grove), which is specially equipped depending on the mission to be performed.

Camps have been known since ancient times. A distinction was made between campaign and permanent camps. The latter were protected by a moat and a wall and were reinforced with palisades or stones and several rows of carts; some camps were surrounded by a thick wall with a moat flanked by towers. In combat, fortified camps served as combat positions for the army and places for storing food and ammunition. The art of setting up camps reached a high point of development in ancient Rome. Later other peoples began applying the Roman art of setting up camps.

In Russia rules of setting up and fortifying army camps were expounded for the first time between 1607 and 1621 in the Regulations on Army, Gunnery, and Other Affairs. Training camps appeared in Russia in the 17th century. Peter I was the first to decree that troops should spend some time in training camps. In the 17th and 18th centuries, when linear tactics predominated, troops were deployed in a camp in a linear combat order. Until the middle of the 19th century the choosing of a site and the setting up of camps was a separate branch of the art of warfare, called castrametation. In the second half of the 19th century the development of artillery and other means of destruction made it necessary to disperse the troops in combat, and camps lost their importance as fortified stations of troops.

The Soviet armed forces and armies of other states have training camps and training centers, which have a role to play in the combat training of troops under field conditions. For the training of troops camps are equipped with training fields, target ranges, firing grounds, and other facilities. When troops are stationed in camps and training centers, the special features of the routine garrison duty are determined by the corresponding regulations.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Police and Crime Commissioner David Munrohas previously called on local authorities in the county to build transit sites,which would provide an alternative to camping on public land and allow police to move unauthorised encampments on more quickly.
This includes land previously hit by encampments and land at risk in the future.
Cllr Male has also reported illegal encampments on the Ponderosa playing fields in Tile Hill in recent years, calling for action to improve defences.
In boroughs which have transit sites, police have the power to move Gypsies and Travellers off illegal encampments as soon as possible.
Mr Javid said in a written statement to the Commons: "We have identified a set of measures to extend powers available to the police, which we believe will enable unauthorised encampments to be tackled more effectively."
The aim of of the policy update, a report states, includes building community relations, managing encampments and working with partners to tackle social exclusion.
Launching a consultation over 'unauthorised caravan sites', he said: "Recent debates in Parliament have addressed the topic of unauthorised traveller encampments, and MPs have voiced their constituents' concerns regarding the impact on both settled and nomadic populations.
By OWEN EVANS Daily Post Reporter THE first purpose-built 'transit' traveller site in Wales could be erected in Flintshire to deter unauthorised encampments in the county.
Concepcion Picciotto, who also lived in the encampment, spotted the Bushes too.
Assistant Seattle Police Chief Bob Merner said at a news conference the victims lived at the encampment. He said of the shooting that police "have reason to believe it was very targeted."
It comes on the back of what are said to be regular visits by travellers to a Cramlington industrial estate as well as a recent encampment at a third site in the town.