camp

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camp

Informal
consciously artificial, exaggerated, vulgar, or mannered; self-parodying, esp when in dubious taste

Camp

 

a place for the stationing of troops outside inhabited communities (usually in a sparse forest or grove), which is specially equipped depending on the mission to be performed.

Camps have been known since ancient times. A distinction was made between campaign and permanent camps. The latter were protected by a moat and a wall and were reinforced with palisades or stones and several rows of carts; some camps were surrounded by a thick wall with a moat flanked by towers. In combat, fortified camps served as combat positions for the army and places for storing food and ammunition. The art of setting up camps reached a high point of development in ancient Rome. Later other peoples began applying the Roman art of setting up camps.

In Russia rules of setting up and fortifying army camps were expounded for the first time between 1607 and 1621 in the Regulations on Army, Gunnery, and Other Affairs. Training camps appeared in Russia in the 17th century. Peter I was the first to decree that troops should spend some time in training camps. In the 17th and 18th centuries, when linear tactics predominated, troops were deployed in a camp in a linear combat order. Until the middle of the 19th century the choosing of a site and the setting up of camps was a separate branch of the art of warfare, called castrametation. In the second half of the 19th century the development of artillery and other means of destruction made it necessary to disperse the troops in combat, and camps lost their importance as fortified stations of troops.

The Soviet armed forces and armies of other states have training camps and training centers, which have a role to play in the combat training of troops under field conditions. For the training of troops camps are equipped with training fields, target ranges, firing grounds, and other facilities. When troops are stationed in camps and training centers, the special features of the routine garrison duty are determined by the corresponding regulations.

cAMP

(biochemistry)
References in periodicals archive ?
Mrs Budden said the six pitches would be capable of holding 12 caravans, with an option to have an area for emergency accommodation in instances when there were large encampments.
It emerged that, since 2013, the local authority has had to deal with 101 unauthorised encampments with the hardest hit year being 2015 when the Town Hall had to tackle a whopping 40 separate traveller incursions.
Police Commissioner Jamieson Walsall North MP Eddie Hughes (Con) said there had been 54 unauthorised encampments in Walsall so far this year.
Videos on the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) will also be shown during the encampment as the Philippines is this years host of ASEAN Summit, which coincides with its 50th Founding Anniversary.
Picciotto, a Spanish immigrant, may be the last in a not-so-long line of hardcore anti-nuclear protesters who took up residence at the encampment along Pennsylvania Avenue.
peacekeepers at the Breiqa encampment were extracted Saturday morning, with the assistance of Irish peacekeepers who rushed to the scene, said officials.
The rebels then demanded that the 75 Filipinos manning two separate UN encampments 4 km apart surrender their weapons, but they refused.
A Yemeni presidential delegation has handed the Shiite Huthi rebels a draft proposal on forming a technocrat government, an official spokesman said Saturday, amid tensions around a rebel encampment in Sanaa.
Roth and Whitson were set to present in a press conference on Tuesday the results of a year-long investigation by HRW on the dispersal of the Rabaa encampment.
By sending state police to violently evict the teachers, however, the governor, in effect, challenged the moral economy and the spatial practice of the teacher's annual encampment as a political technology used to negotiate the fragile balance of power between the ruling PRI and teachers for the past thirty years.
The protests made headlines when police raided the encampment in October, enforcing a court injunction against a blockade.
But the dispersal of the encampment came after traveller Antonio Carlos, 57, predicted the group would quit the hospital staff car park, at Whiteheads, yesterday afternoon.