encephalocele


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encephalocele

[en′sef·ə·lō‚sēl]
(medicine)
Hernia of the brain through a congenital or traumatic opening in the cranium.
References in periodicals archive ?
Landreneau et al recommended exploration of the anterior floor of the middle cranial fossa in order to safely disconnect the temporosphenoidal encephalocele and to achieve adequate multilayered repair of dural and bony dehiscence under direct visualization.
The goal of surgical treatments is to resect the encephalocele while causing as little damage to vital nervous tissue as possible and to close the defect in the dura and any large bony defects.
Frontonasal encephalocele and associated congenital brain tumor.
Other less common indications have included surgery for petrous apex lesions, facial schwannomas, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks, and temporal lobe encephaloceles.
Patients who have a longstanding history of chronic ear disease and/or multiple surgeries for ear disease are at higher risk for developing an encephalocele or a CSF leak from the temporal bone.
The differential diagnosis of a nasopharyngeal cyst, clinically and by imaging, should include Thornwaldt cyst, abscess, sphenoid sinus mucocele, choanal polyp, encephalocele, and benign mixed tumor.
Chiari III malformation is an occipital, C1-to-C2 encephalocele that may contain cerebellar tissue and CSF.
Infants cannot survive with this birth defect; -- Spina Bifida -- The spinal cord, bony spiny column and soft tissue layer over the spine do not form properly; and -- Encephalocele -- The skull does not form properly, allowing part of the brain to be contained within a sac outside the skull.
Exencephaly (differential diagnosis includes acrania, acalvaria, anencephaly, large encephalocele or amniotic band syndrome.