NTDs were classified as: anencephaly (with or without SB), encephalocele
(with or without SB), and SB with intact cranium.
Just days later, their care was transferred to Bristol Children's Hospital where the diagnosis of encephalocele
was officially confirmed.But while they were there, further scans picked up anomalies with the other twin.
These medical conditions are referred to as encephalocele
occurs when the neural tube - a narrow channel that folds and closes during the third and fourth weeks of pregnancy to form the brain and spinal cord - does not close properly.
are rare birth defects in a neural tube characterized by partial lacking of bone fusion leaving a gap through which a portion of the brain protrudes, as defined to American National Organization of Rare Diseased (NORD).
The origin of glial heterotopia is hypothesized to be due to the following: (i) an encephalocele
that lost its connection with the subarachnoid space, (ii) the differentiation of multipotent cells into mature neuroectodermal cells outside the central nervous system during embryogenesis, and (iii) sequestered glial cells of the olfactory bulb (5).
Association between congenital anomalies and symptomatic dengue virus infection during pregnancy, Brazil, 2006-2012 Congenital anomaly Odds ratio (95% CI) Neurologic congenital anomalies 1.5 (0.9-2.2) Anencephaly 1.9 (0.8-4.4) Encephalocele
1.4 (0.3-6.9) Microcephaly 1.7 (0.3-8.3) Congenital hydrocephalus 1.6 (0.8-3.2) Other congenital malformations of 4.5 (1.7-11.3 brain Spina bifida 0.8 Other congenital malformations of 5.4 spinal cord Other congenital malformations of Not available nervous system
Excited about a 20-week scan, Catherine Donlon, 40, and her full-time carer husband, Mark, 46, received the bombshell news that their child had an encephalocele
, meaning part of her skull had not formed properly, so her brain was developing on the back of her head.
They cover otosclerosis surgery; chronic ear disease surgery; canalplasty; cholesterol granuloma; cerebral spinal fluid leaks, encephalocele
,or pseudo-meningocele; posterior fossa tumor surgery; glomus tumors; hypoglossal foramen and foreman magnum tumors; endolymphatic sac tumors; carcinoma involving the temporal bone; implantable middle ear devices; cochlear implant surgery; auditory brainstem implant; surgery for Meniere disease; repair of superior semicircular canal dehiscence; surgery for benign positional postural vertigo; facial decompression; and facial nerve repair and facial palsy rehabilitation.
Her son was diagnosed with partial acrania and encephalocele
, which means that her son's frontal right skull didn't fully develop.
There were different trends in the overall prevalence of individual NTDs, that is, anencephaly, spina bifida and encephalocele
. Between 1998 and 2008 there was a fall in the overall prevalence of spina bifida, but no appreciable change in the overall prevalence of anencephaly or encephalocele
Various Anomalies leading to Second Trimester MTP Anencephaly 18 Cystic hygroma 7 Encephalocele
3 Hydrops 21 Meningomylocele 10 Other NTD 14 Skeletal dysplasia 7 TGA 3 Megacystitis 3 Note: Table made from bar graph.