encephalomalacia


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encephalomalacia

[en¦sef·ə·lō·mə′lā·shə]
(medicine)
Infarction of the brain.
Any softening or fragmentation of the brain.
References in periodicals archive ?
4) In this case, histopathologic findings of cerebral encephalomalacia may have indicated an initial site of insult or trauma.
A CT from 3 months after the heat stroke revealed bilateral cerebellar encephalomalacia in line with published data on findings in heat stroke.
Subtle encephalomalacia as seen in our patient is often present at the site of the leak.
When severe, hydrocephalus may be difficult to differentiate from hydranencephaly, which is an extreme form of cerebral encephalomalacia, probably the result of occlusion of both internal carotid arteries and infarction of all cerebral tissue (Figure 10).
Vitamin E is essential for preventing encephalomalacia and maintaining normal reproductive function of roosters and hens (Yoshida and Hoshii, 1976).
For example, if an imaging study obtained 72 hours after birth shows evidence of a long-standing neurologic abnormality such as ventriculomegaly, porencephaly, or multicystic encephalomalacia, an intrapartum event can be ruled out as the cause of the child's symptoms.
Several neurologic conditions were considered in the differential diagnosis, including other viral encephalomyelitides (rabies, Aujesky disease, Borna disease, EHV-1 myeloencephalopathy, WEEV, and WNV encephalomyelitis), bacterial meningitis, listeriosis, leukoencephalomalacia, lead poisoning, equine protozoal myeloencephalitis, nigropallidal encephalomalacia, botulism, and verminous encephalitis.
Cystic encephalomalacia was present, mainly on the right.
Bilateral subdural effusion, cerebral atrophy and cystic encephalomalacia are most likely attributed to either hypoxic ischaemic incident at birth, vascular steal or chronic venous hypertension.
In monochorionic twin pregnancies complicated by intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD), fetal MRI can be used to diagnose multicystic encephalomalacia, a devastating neurologic disorder that may occur in up to 20% of moncehorionic twins complicated by single IUFD.
Autopsies of laboratory-confirmed WN meningoencephalitis cases revealed perivascular hemorrhages, ectasis of ventriculi of the brain, foci of encephalomalacia, dislocation of the brain trunk (30% of cases), and hydropericarditis with flabbiness of the cardiac muscle.
Neoplasms (usually of an indolent nature) were found in more than a quarter of patients, and evidence of `remote' encephalomalacia was identified in less than a fifth.