encephalomyocarditis


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encephalomyocarditis

[en¦sef·ə·lō‚mī·ə‚kär′dīd·əs]
(medicine)
An acute febrile RNA virus disease accompanied by pharyngitis, stiff neck, and hyperactive deep reflexes; certain species of wild rats are the reservoir; human infections range from a mild febrile illness to a severe encephalomyelitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
(2008) Cellular prion protein prevents brain damage after encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) infection in mice.
Blair et al., "Human febrile illness caused by encephalomyocarditis virus infection, peru," Emerging Infectious Diseases, vol.
This assay is based on the ability of huIFN[alpha]2a to inhibit the cytopathic effects of encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV) on the glioblastoma cell line 2D9.
The main ligands of TLR3 are double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) genomes, and dsRNA replication intermediates of single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) viruses like RSV, dengue virus, and encephalomyocarditis virus (22).
Role of Hck in the pathogenesis of encephalomyocarditis virus-induced diabetes in mice.
Typical clinical presentations include encephalomyocarditis (characteristic of group B coxsackieviruses) and hemorrhage-hepatitis syndrome (typical of echovirus 11) (1,2).
There are nine genera of picornaviruses: Enterovirus (poliovirus, swine vesicular disease, coxsackievirus (which causes hand-foot-and-mouth disease in humans), and enterovirus A), Rhinovirus (human and bovine rhinoviruses), Hepatovirus (hepatitis A virus), Aphthovirus (foot-and-mouth disease virus in cattle), Cardiovirus (encephalomyocarditis virus in mice), Erbovirus (equine rhinitis B virus), Kobuvirus (Aichi kobuvirus), Teschovirus (porcine teschovirus), and Parechovirus (human parechovirus, which was formerly known as Echovirus 22 and 23).
Viral myocarditis during pregnancy: encephalomyocarditis virus infection in mice.
Other important infectious agents in this group include hepatitis A, hepatitis E, encephalomyocarditis virus, polioviruses, coxsacki viruses, reoviruses, rhinoviruses, astroviruses, caliciviruses, echoviruses, parvoviruses, and aphthovirus.
Besides protecting laboratory personnel from accidental exposure to pathogenic viruses in blood samples from infected subjects, the viral inactivator could significantly reduce the occurrence of blood-transmitted diseases, including HIV-1, poliovirus, foot-and-mouth disease virus, influenza, encephalomyocarditis virus (a model virus for hepatitis A), bovine diarrhea virus (a model virus for hepatitis C), equine encephalitis virus, and Ebola.
Maheshwari and his coleagues at the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences in Bethesda, Md., gave healthy mice one of five different antimalaria drugs and then injected the animals with either of two tropical viruses -- Semliki Forest virus or encephalomyocarditis virus.
Nevertheless, the physical characteristics of RLR ligands correlate exceptionally well with the type of viruses that are recognized by RIG-I, such as Sendai virus (SeV), vesicular stomatitis (VSV), influenza A (FLUA), and hepatitis C virus (HCV), and by MDA5, such as encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV), norovirus, or murine hepatitis virus (MHV) (see Table 1) [39-41].

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