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isolating a certain enemy grouping from the remainder of enemy troops in order to subsequently destroy or capture the grouping.

Encirclement is most often achieved when the enemy defense is broken through in two or more sectors of the front and the attack develops along converging axes. As a result, a solid internal front and an active external front are created, cutting the surrounded grouping off from the remainder of its forces. Encirclement may be carried out during pursuit of a retreating enemy, when defending troops conduct counterattacks and counter-strikes along converging axes, and when troops are operating along a coastal axis and the enemy is pressed against the sea and cut off from other forces. A superiority over the enemy in forces and weapons is ordinarily established during actions with the objective of encirclement. Sometimes, under favorable conditions, encirclement is possible with equal forces. The surrounded enemy grouping is blockaded from the air and, on coastal axes, from the sea.

During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, Soviet forces successfully encircled and routed major enemy groupings in the battle of Stalingrad of 1942–43, the Korsun’-Shevchenkovskii operation of 1944, the Iasi-Kishinev operation of 1944, the Byelorussian operation of 1944, the Budapest operation of 1944–45, the East Prussian operation of 1945, and the Berlin operation of 1945.


References in periodicals archive ?
Alexis Abramson, author, gerontologist and Harris enCircle Advisory Board Member.
The service is being offered nationally, and the company has announced that dedicated enCircle specialists would be located in Illinois, Washington State, Arizona and Florida and that they are expected to provide services that would minimise the number of points of contacts for customers.
Its mix of pine, spruce, and other hardy trees encircles the globe like a giant green halo (see map, p.
The all-black wheel features two rubber grips that completely encircle the steering wheel rim, offering a secure and comfortable grip.
The service is being offered nationally, with dedicated enCircle Specialists in Illinois, Washington State, Arizona and Florida.
Marquis hotels such as the Plaza Anthenee, Carlton Helmsley Hotel and The Lowell encircle 575 Park Avenue.
Its perimeter boasts a tilted drawing surface, again constructed to encircle the artist.
The Teddy feature winner, Julian Hernandez's A Thousand Peace Clouds Encircle The Sky, Love, You Will Never Stop Being Love, saw a young gay Mexican literally die of loneliness and desperation.
Mother and ten Bridesmaids encircle her closely as she weeps.
Gold marigold flowers, symbols of the departed, line the walkway and encircle the altars or ofrendas.
28 /PRNewswire/ -- Insta-Check, the largest independently owned check guarantee company, and BankServ Check Services, LLC, the pioneer in electronic check conversion, have announced their newly combined company, EnCircle.
The issuance of this patent protects the air sampling system whereby an externally generated vortex can be developed so as to encircle an adult person and draw up large volumes of air that can be sampled with the Company's proprietary QS(TM) explosives detection technology.