Encyclopedists

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Encyclopedists

 

the authors of the French Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des metiers (published 1751–80). The Encyclopédie was conceived and edited by D. Diderot and J. D’Alembert. Its contributors included Voltaire, E. de Condillac, C. Helvétius, P. Holbach, J.-J. Rousseau, A. Turgot, G. Raynal, G. Buffon, and various progressive scholars, scientists, writers, and engineers.

The Encyclopedists differed in their philosophical and sociopolitical views. They included deists as well as materialists and atheists, and adherents of “enlightened absolutism” as well as advocates of the republican form of government. They did, however, share such characteristics as the desire to overcome the conservative principles of feudal society, hostility toward the clerical ideology, and the need to substantiate their rational world view. The Encyclopedists played an important role in the ideological preparation for the French Revolution, and their work fostered social and scientific progress. As spokesmen for the progressive ideas of their age, the Encyclopedists were persecuted by the feudal authorities and the clergy.

REFERENCES

Duprat, P. Les Encyclopédists, leurs travaux, leurs doctrines et leur influence. Paris, 1866.
Ducros, L. Les encyclopédistes. Paris, 1900.
Proust, J. Diderot et l’Encyclopédie. Paris, 1962.
Proust, J. L’Encyclopédie. Paris, 1965.

B. E. BYKHOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
88) Precisely the same sense of the utility of creation underlies the work of the encyclopedists.
On the one hand, the French Encyclopedists focused on the "self-evidentness" of the truth, and sought to strip away the layers of rationalist and religious commentary that had obscured sensory nature and obstructed the pursuit of empirical knowledge.
RAYMOND QUENEAU (1903-1976), French writer, poet, encyclopedist, and critic, wrote seventeen novels, including Zazie dons le M[acute{e}]tro and Le Chiendent.
While Moore the encyclopedist and lexicographer could ignore popular songs published as "sheet music," Moore the retailer could not afford such luxuries - as the title Catalogue of Sheet Music & Music Books for Sale by John W.
His expertise is based on experience as a lawyer, lobbyist, political campaign strategist, university professor, author, encyclopedist, futurist, and business owner.
In the middle of the thirteenth century, for example, the celebrated encyclopedist Bartholomaeus Anglicus described his fellow Englishmen as "fire men of herte and with tongue.
I give the Huxleys, starting with English biologist Thomas, considerable credit along with French encyclopedist Denis Diderot and others who saw science, and especially biology, as answers to questions that previously had been attributed directly to God.
As soon as the main part of the book starts, he becomes more an encyclopedist than a narrator.
Second, the series of Fluchtlingsgesprache or "Refugee Conversations" was inspired - as were other works by Brecht, incidentally - by the French encyclopedist from the eighteenth century, Denis Diderot, whom Brecht held in the highest esteem; actually, not just Diderot's own well-known dialogues but also his novel Jacques le fataliste et son maitre had served as models.
For that matter, the early Islamic encyclopedist JAWz claimed that three species of birds were better at talking than the parrot.
As an encyclopedist, Clute is precisely committed to the notion that Westfahl states but doesn't actually argue for in this book (although he does elsewhere)--that science fiction is better regarded as a successful institution.
Brehaut, An Encyclopedist of the Dark Ages: Isidore of Seville (New York 1912).