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the authors of the French Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des metiers (published 1751–80). The Encyclopédie was conceived and edited by D. Diderot and J. D’Alembert. Its contributors included Voltaire, E. de Condillac, C. Helvétius, P. Holbach, J.-J. Rousseau, A. Turgot, G. Raynal, G. Buffon, and various progressive scholars, scientists, writers, and engineers.

The Encyclopedists differed in their philosophical and sociopolitical views. They included deists as well as materialists and atheists, and adherents of “enlightened absolutism” as well as advocates of the republican form of government. They did, however, share such characteristics as the desire to overcome the conservative principles of feudal society, hostility toward the clerical ideology, and the need to substantiate their rational world view. The Encyclopedists played an important role in the ideological preparation for the French Revolution, and their work fostered social and scientific progress. As spokesmen for the progressive ideas of their age, the Encyclopedists were persecuted by the feudal authorities and the clergy.


Duprat, P. Les Encyclopédists, leurs travaux, leurs doctrines et leur influence. Paris, 1866.
Ducros, L. Les encyclopédistes. Paris, 1900.
Proust, J. Diderot et l’Encyclopédie. Paris, 1962.
Proust, J. L’Encyclopédie. Paris, 1965.


References in periodicals archive ?
This Macrobius is less than a sage but more than an encyclopedist, commendable for his astute digestion and clear explication of the challenging ideas of his predecessors.
This tradition of associating places with markers from sacred history perhaps found its clearest expression in the work of the encyclopedists of the thirteenth century.
On the one hand, the French Encyclopedists focused on the "self-evidentness" of the truth, and sought to strip away the layers of rationalist and religious commentary that had obscured sensory nature and obstructed the pursuit of empirical knowledge.
Chernow (a career encyclopedist, researcher and reference book editor who founded Chernow Editorial Services, Inc.
That there should be some relationship all the contributors agree, and the case for it is made most directly in Dennis Kennedy's criticism of the existing theatre encyclopedias in his historiographical essay "Confessions of an Encyclopedist," which describes the purpose and design of his own Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance (2003).
Saveur (1757-1810), considered to be the best costume encyclopedist of the late eighteenth century.
There he solidified the other main elements of his adult identity: as a home-body, a recluse, a perpetual semi-invalid, a family man, an encyclopedist of facts, a kitchen-garden experimenter, an inveterate theorizer, and a professional writer.
Before becoming an encyclopedist, he had been a professor in Poland, with a doctorate in geography from the Jagiellonian University in Cracow, where he had taught from 1928 to 1939, followed by stints at the Ukrainian Free University in Prague and Munich.
Pliny the Elder, the Roman encyclopedist (1st century A.
Thus Who's Who combines the Teutonic focus of that first gay encyclopedist, Magnus Hirschfeld, with the American focus of The Encyclopedia of Lesbian and Gay Histories and Cultures (Garland, 1999)--whose predecessor, The Encyclopedia of Homosexuality (Garland, 1990) did seek greater balance by including more speakers of Romance and Slavic languages.
Diderot, the prominent French philosopher, encyclopedist and art critic, showered much praise on Jean-Baptiste Greuze (1725-1805), a respected and successful draftsman and painter of the 18th century whose work is now on display at the Getty Center.