Encyclopedists

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Encyclopedists

 

the authors of the French Encyclopédie, ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des metiers (published 1751–80). The Encyclopédie was conceived and edited by D. Diderot and J. D’Alembert. Its contributors included Voltaire, E. de Condillac, C. Helvétius, P. Holbach, J.-J. Rousseau, A. Turgot, G. Raynal, G. Buffon, and various progressive scholars, scientists, writers, and engineers.

The Encyclopedists differed in their philosophical and sociopolitical views. They included deists as well as materialists and atheists, and adherents of “enlightened absolutism” as well as advocates of the republican form of government. They did, however, share such characteristics as the desire to overcome the conservative principles of feudal society, hostility toward the clerical ideology, and the need to substantiate their rational world view. The Encyclopedists played an important role in the ideological preparation for the French Revolution, and their work fostered social and scientific progress. As spokesmen for the progressive ideas of their age, the Encyclopedists were persecuted by the feudal authorities and the clergy.

REFERENCES

Duprat, P. Les Encyclopédists, leurs travaux, leurs doctrines et leur influence. Paris, 1866.
Ducros, L. Les encyclopédistes. Paris, 1900.
Proust, J. Diderot et l’Encyclopédie. Paris, 1962.
Proust, J. L’Encyclopédie. Paris, 1965.

B. E. BYKHOVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
This Macrobius is less than a sage but more than an encyclopedist, commendable for his astute digestion and clear explication of the challenging ideas of his predecessors.
This tradition of associating places with markers from sacred history perhaps found its clearest expression in the work of the encyclopedists of the thirteenth century.
(64.) Richard, Simon, 13, 106; Guzman, "Historian," 157; Guzman, "Encyclopedist Vincent," 302; Kappler, "Les voyageurs," 30-1.
Ruska surmises that the Arabic original of the De Aluminibus et Salibus was written by an alchemist in Spain in the eleventh or twelfth century and points out that it is cited by both the Dominican encyclopedist Vincent de Beauvais (c.
Other layers are skillfully peeled back in Makdisi's "new history": the class dimension behind the Ottoman millet system and its gradual unraveling as a result of Western pressure and Ottoman reforms after 1850; the evolution of missionary goals and philosophy as schools and hospitals begin to compensate for the missionaries' dismal failure to see conversions; and finally, the unintended consequence of that educational mission in the person of Protestant convert, teacher, and encyclopedist Butrus al-Bustani, who, half a century after As'ad's death, penned a biography of As'ad that radically subverts both the racial and national superiority of the American missionaries and the self righteous conservatism of the Maronites with his discourse of "dialogue within and across cultures" (p.
Given his considerable scholarly erudition, Halmi seems less at home as a genealogist or even as a historian than as an encyclopedist in his own right--less, perhaps, in the manner of Coleridge with his quest for unity, than of the Enlightenment Encylopedists who aimed at achieving a totality.
Indeed, Donoghue, though he nowhere sounds skeptical about what the present age will have ears to hear, nonetheless delays his major argument a long time while putting forth example after example, sort of like a medieval encyclopedist or, better, one of those eighteenth-century collectors of butterflies and moths, minerals, and small animals.
Jimmy Wales, one of the inheritors of the Encyclopedist's tradition, and his editors added a new authoring process along with the powerful dimension of hypertext with their digital encyclopedia--Wikipedia.
This Rococo combination of the kinky, the exotic, and the downright bizarre is vividly evoked in a 1748 novel by the encyclopedist Denis Diderot titled The Indiscreet Jewels.
A history of extreme discrimination creates an inherently political topic, but an encyclopedist must present facts, resisting the temptation to put forward personal conclusions.
The earliest author is the late sixteenth century pedagogue Giovanni Maffei; the lineage continues through Guilio Caccini, author of the famed Le nuove musiche, and Domenico Corri (Porpora's last student), and culminates with the writings of the English encyclopedist, Isaac Nathan.
Chernow (a career encyclopedist, researcher and reference book editor who founded Chernow Editorial Services, Inc.