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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The goal was for the students to demonstrate knowledge of end-of-life care and be able to provide the family member the information necessary to make an informed decision.
Greater numbers of nurses educated in end-of-life care will be needed if we are to make this topic "discussable" and a standard part of patient care.
"Nurses advocate for their clients and help implement their treatment and end-of-life care wishes.
Avoiding the dichotomization of "good care" and "end-of-life care"
Nicholas and her colleagues assessed end-of-life care for 3,302 Medicare beneficiaries who died between 1998 and 2007, at a mean age of 83 years.
The limited availability of hospice care in Ontario and differing attitudes between the United States and Ontario regarding end-of-life care may explain the differences in practice patterns, according to the authors, who noted that end-of-life care varies not only between the two countries but also from region to region within the United States and Canada.
The guidelines, issued by the National Council for Palliative Care and the National End-of-Life Care Programme, includes recommendations such as ensuring each GP practice identifies people likely to die in the next 12 months and agreeing local priorities for end-of-life care services.
A new funding system for end-of-life care would save millions of pounds and focus on individual patient needs regardless of where they live, according to a Government-ordered review.
Among the findings of the Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice's new report, "Trends and Variation in End-of-Life Care for Medicare Beneficiaries with Severe Chronic Illness:"
"What we need to see is a step-change in the way policy-makers and clinicians across Europe look at end-of-life care, and ensure that people's priorities and needs inform planning and delivery of these services." (ANI)
Madison-Deane Initiative (MDI), a program of the Visiting Nurse Association of Chittenden and Grand Isle Counties (VNA), announced the launch of a new website designed to help individuals and families find information and resources about palliative and end-of-life care. Vermont Palliative and End-of-Life Care Resource Connections, www.vtpcrc.org, was created by Madison-Deane Initiative (MDI) with support from the Vermont Palliative Care Collaborative of the University of Vermont College of Medicine.
In June of 2009, the College of Nurses of Ontario (CNO) released the practice guideline: Guiding Decisions About End-of-Life Care replacing the Resuscitation, 1999 practice standard (available at www.cno.org/docs/prac/43001_Resuscitation.pdf).