care

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CARE

(Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere), nonprofit, nonsectarian federation of agencies devoted to channeling relief and self-help materials to needy people in foreign countries. Organized in the United States (1945) to help war-ravaged Europe, CARE soon expanded its program to include developing nations in Asia, Africa, and Latin America. Famous for its "CARE packages" of food and other necessities, CARE in now also involved in population, health care, land management, and small economic activity. It is now an international organization with 10 member countries and headquarters in Brussels.

care

  1. the work involved in supporting people who, because of physical frailty chronic illness or other forms of incapacity and disability, are incapable of leading an autonomous existence.
  2. other kinds of carework, e.g. in child-rearing (see CHILD CARE) and DOMESTIC LABOUR. This should be distinguished from care in sense 1.
Care in sense 1 operates over a wide range of social relations. A clear dividing line can be drawn between formal and informal care (see Abrams, 1978) as it exists in contemporary industrial societies. Formal care refers to services provided by agents of organization (statutory, voluntary and/or private) to people within clearly defined categories of need. Informal care is personally directed towards certain people who have a social relationship with their carer - usually a family member, and most often a spouse (Parker, 1993), or female relative.

Feminist sociologists (see also FEMINISM) have had a major impact on the understanding of care and caring relationships. They have argued that caring is ‘a gendered concept’ and that women constitute the majority of carers both informally, in the private sphere, and as low-paid care workers (‘care assistants’) in the formal sector (Finch and Groves, 1982; Ungerson, 1987; Lewis and Meredith, 1988). Studies of caring have examined the complex reasons why women care and the particular problems and difficulties they face. Social policies involving decarceration and COMMUNITY CARE, the decline of neighbour-hood and COMMUNITY associated with increasing SOCIAL (and geographical) MOBILITY, have placed an increasing burden on individual women carers. There is some evidence that women are reluctant to enter caring relationships with female relatives but lack viable alternatives (Cotterill, 1994). Recent research using data from the 1980 British General Household Survey has also pointed to the significant contribution made by male carers, particularly men who care for their wives (Arber and Gilbert, 1989).

care, custody, and control

Describes a standard exclusion in liability insurance policies. Under this exclusion, the liability insurance does not apply to damage to property in the care or custody of the insured, or to damage to property over which the insured is for any purpose exercising physical control.

CARE

agency devoted to channeling relief to needy people abroad. [Am. Hist.: NCE, 456]

care

in (or into) care Social welfare made the legal responsibility of a local authority by order of a court
References in periodicals archive ?
This facility provides more options in relation to dedicated inpatient end-of-life care, and includes the option of respite care to support families who wish to continue to care for their loved ones at home.
The work has been led on the Welsh Ambulance Service side by the Trust's end-of-life care lead Ed O'Brian.
During the three-month trial operations, hospitals consulted patients or their family members on details of end-of-life care.
A university spokesman said the course aimed to address the issue of poor end-of-life care which had been extensively featured in press reports.
It covers end-of-life care delivered by both primary and secondary care and the voluntary sector.
Supporting end-of-life care in the community requires all these nurses to assess, plan and advocate for the care of patients, in partnership with patients, family and friends often in an autonomous setting.
One of the key recommendations was for every local area to establish 24/7 end-of-life care for people being cared for outside hospital.
Across England, seven hospitals have been rated as "inadequate" for their end-of-life care and 67 "require improvement," according to data from the Care Quality Commission obtained by The Guardian.
The dementia support workers will assist carers at various homes in Walsall to help them use evidence based tools such as the Abbey pain scale - to help the homes become more dementia friendly and ensure that end-of-life care plans are tailored for each person.
age, health workers and organizations are seeing the value of educating Americans on the need for end-of-life care plans.
Like Gawande, Volandes's ability to share his own personal experience with his father's decisions around end-of-life care drives home the stories of patients like a poetry professor who, when she learned her brain tumor was inoperable, was able to make arrangements to die at home instead of in a hospital.
Medicare, Medicaid and other government programs should post end-of-life care cost and care quality statistics, and the government should encourage private insurers and the big health care providers to do the same, the committee says.