endocast


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Related to endocast: Endocranial cast

endocast

[′en·dō‚kast]
(geology)
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75) The endocast data have been discussed and argued for many decades, but today are being subjected to new interpretations based on better comparative studies and on neuro-imaging data.
While the overall endocast volume is in the 750-775 cc range, the organization is definitely more modern than that of australopithecines.
erectus, as determined from endocast data, yet further diverge from those of australopithecines.
Although small in size, LBI's endocast displays a humanlike shape, Falk asserted.
The researchers compared the 'hobbit' endocast with others including those from chimpanzees, an adult female Homo erectus, a present-day woman, an adult female pygmy and a microcephalic - a person with an abnormally small skull.
The endocast findings showed that Homo floresiensis was closely related to Homo erectus.
The endocasts revealed a large and surprising swelling of the frontal lobe, together with other anatomical features suggestive of higher thinking processes.
Although small in size, LB1's endocast displays a humanlike shape, Falk asserted.
An endocast from Australopithecus africanus, a roughly 3-million-year-old South African hominid species, looks similar to that of LB1, Falk said.
The dimples and bumps on endocasts are often ambiguous, however.
According to CBS News, the team then made similar comparisons between endocasts of skulls of 10 microcephalic humans, 79 unaffected humans, 17 individuals of the human ancestor Homo erectus, 4 individuals from the human ancestor Australopithecus, and the H.
This suggestion is based on the recognition of speech areas in modern human brains, and the identification of similar areas in brain endocasts of hominid fossils.