treatment the only alternative is to have the infected tooth removed and, if it needs to be, replaced.
Within the field of endodontics
, micro-computed tomography analysis (micro-CT) is a tool that is frequently utilized in void measurement within root canal filling materials.10-12 Micro-CT works by incorporating the use of X-rays in order to provide multi-slice 2D or 3D volumetric images of the area of interest.13 Micro-CT is a non-invasive and non-destructive approach13; thus, enabling a more precise void measurement as compared to histologic assessments.10-12 Furthermore, this technique allows for adequate examination of the internal anatomical structure of the tooth from various angles of interest.13 However, there is a lack of research incorporating the use of micro-computed tomography in the evaluation of voids, present in nano-based GP.
is a specialised area of dentistry that uses high-powered magnification to get a close-up view of teeth and other oral structures during treatment.
Self-efficacy was assessed using the Dutch Adaptation of the General Self-Efficacy Scale (Bart Teeuw, Ralf Schwarzer & Matthias Jerusalem, Berlin, Germany, 1994), whose questions were adapted to endodontics
. This adapted scale was named the 'Endodontic
General Self-Efficacy Scale.
Kettering, "Cytotoxicity of four root end filling materials," Journal of Endodontics
Frisbie-Teel, "C-shaped maxillary permanent first molar: a case report and literature review," Journal of Endodontics
A 15-year-old girl in good health presented to the Department of Endodontics
, Wuhan University Hospital of Stomatology, in November, 2014, with a chief complaint of cold water pain on her left upper posterior tooth for the last 5 days.
Tronstad, "Mandibular premolars with more than one root canal in different race groups," Journal of Endodontics
On literature search in PubMed data base with the words " C-arm CT in Endodontics
", "C-arm in removal of separated endodontic
instrument " and " C-arm in bypassing separated endodontic
instrument " no results, "C-arm CT in Dentistry" 4 results, "C-arm Fluoroscopy in Dentistry" 6 results and in Cochrane data base none of the above words yield any results.
[1.] Post Graduate, Department of Conservative Dentistry & Endodontics
, Rajarajeswari Dental College & Hospital, Bangalore.
It is designed for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and practitioners in endodontics
, pathology, and microbiology; it will also be useful to dentists dealing with caries pathology.
Roijas, "Clinical implications and microbiology of bacterial persistence after treatment procedures," Journal of Endodontics