endogamy

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endogamy

(ĕndŏg`əmē): see marriagemarriage,
socially sanctioned union that reproduces the family. In all societies the choice of partners is generally guided by rules of exogamy (the obligation to marry outside a group); some societies also have rules of endogamy (the obligation to marry within a group).
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endogamy

a rule prescribing marriage within a given social group. The group may belong to a LINEAGE, CASTE, CLASS, ethnic affiliation, or other type of social classification. The converse of endogamy is EXOGAMY. Since all marriage systems are both endogamous and exogamous, it is necessary to specify in detail the prescribed and the proscribed groups.

Endogamy

 

a custom prescribing marriage within a certain social group, such as a tribe, caste, or clan.

In primitive society the tribe was endogamous, and the clan was exogamous (seeEXOGAMY). During the period of the decay of primitive communal relations, the clan or, more frequently, intraclan groups (patronymic groups) among the Malagasy, part of the Bantu, the Arabs, the Uzbeks, the Tuareg, and other peoples became endogamous in an attempt to keep property among close relatives. Ortho-cousin marriages between the children of, for example, cousins and second cousins were arranged in the father’s line and, less frequently, in the mother’s line. Caste endogamy characterizes the castes of India.

REFERENCES

Engels, F. Proiskhozhdenie sem’i, chastnoi sobstvennosti i qosudarstva. In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 21.
Shternberg, L. Ia. Sem’ia i rod u narodov Severo-Vostochnoi Azii. Leningrad, 1933.

endogamy

[en′däg·ə·mē]
(biology)
Sexual reproduction between organisms which are closely related.
(botany)
Pollination of a flower by another flower of the same plant.
References in periodicals archive ?
Inbreeding effects on reproductive performance: a study based on large sample from the endogamous Vadde of Kolleru Lake, Andhra Pradesh, India.
46) The second limitation would be that the endogamous group be significantly below average levels of educational attainment, such as the percentage of members graduating from high school.
Moreover, regardless of its roots, a nation must remain an essentially endogamous group in order to maintain its myth.
The Parsi seems to be a representative of the capitalist class: traditionally moneylenders and traders, the endogamous Indian Zoroastrians were among the first communities to emerge as members of the modern industrialist and entrepreneur class among the natives in the British colonial period, and they still remain affluent and powerful in Bombay's commercial and social world.
This endogamous family exemplifies the hermetic self-ownership that defines an idealized male literary marketplace.
He shows, for instance, how the degree of endogamous marriage permissible under the Napoleonic Civil Code offered new ways to preserve familial wealth and business structures.
Indeed, the castes (zat) in Pakistan lacked the religious components, but they are rigid, endogamous patronage groups.
The Tharu community is divided into many endogamous sub-groups, such as Purbaha Tharu, Dangaura Tharu, Kathoriya Tharu, Rautar Tharu, Rana Tharu, Aarkutwa or Chitwania Tharu, etc.
By birth, Musa was a member of the homo (singular: kome), 'slaves' in Soninke; these are people of slave descent occupying the lower rung of a three-tier social hierarchy composed of endogamous status groups: hooro or 'nobles', nyaxamalo or 'casted artisans' and komo.
According to social scientists, the 'miteri' system serves to consolidate social interaction between levels of caste in a complex hierarchical system that otherwise separates the members of these endogamous groups.
India's population consists of thousands of subpopulations alienated by topography, language, faith, and caste boundaries and dominated by endogamous marriages.
The purpose of our study was to provide a baseline data for Cephalic Index in different endogamous groups and to observe sexual dimorphism, if any in the region around Patiala in Punjab.