endogamy

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endogamy

(ĕndŏg`əmē): see marriagemarriage,
socially sanctioned union that reproduces the family. In all societies the choice of partners is generally guided by rules of exogamy (the obligation to marry outside a group); some societies also have rules of endogamy (the obligation to marry within a group).
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endogamy

a rule prescribing marriage within a given social group. The group may belong to a LINEAGE, CASTE, CLASS, ethnic affiliation, or other type of social classification. The converse of endogamy is EXOGAMY. Since all marriage systems are both endogamous and exogamous, it is necessary to specify in detail the prescribed and the proscribed groups.

Endogamy

 

a custom prescribing marriage within a certain social group, such as a tribe, caste, or clan.

In primitive society the tribe was endogamous, and the clan was exogamous (seeEXOGAMY). During the period of the decay of primitive communal relations, the clan or, more frequently, intraclan groups (patronymic groups) among the Malagasy, part of the Bantu, the Arabs, the Uzbeks, the Tuareg, and other peoples became endogamous in an attempt to keep property among close relatives. Ortho-cousin marriages between the children of, for example, cousins and second cousins were arranged in the father’s line and, less frequently, in the mother’s line. Caste endogamy characterizes the castes of India.

REFERENCES

Engels, F. Proiskhozhdenie sem’i, chastnoi sobstvennosti i qosudarstva. In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 21.
Shternberg, L. Ia. Sem’ia i rod u narodov Severo-Vostochnoi Azii. Leningrad, 1933.

endogamy

[en′däg·ə·mē]
(biology)
Sexual reproduction between organisms which are closely related.
(botany)
Pollination of a flower by another flower of the same plant.
References in periodicals archive ?
The international literature suggests that the Arab family structure in the Middle East is extended, patrilineal, patrilocal, patriarchal, endogamous, and occasionally polygynous (Baraket, 1993).
2% among an isolated humane population in the Moyen Atlas where Berbers were the most endogamous (82.
Few hand-wringers have unclenched long enough to wonder if everybody's parents and grandparents were much more endogamous than the current generation of young marrieds.
But as social distance diminishes, as between folk in small and relatively endogamous settlements, the formal requirement of bridewealth becomes less rigid, unnecessary and even--as became the argument of some Kwermin elders--morally wrong.
Temples that served as centers of dispute resolution, norms stressing the importance of trustworthiness and honesty, as well as an endogamous marriage rule whereby members married only within the group--all served to enforce contracts.
In Saint Denis about two-thirds of marriages involving at least one Breton-born spouse were geographically endogamous (between two people born in the same department), much higher than the 20 percent proportion among all new-comers to Paris.
for those descended from exogamous marriages than those from endogamous ones" (2003: 28).
In the Arab world the tradition of patrilineal, endogamous extended family has long been reflected within the leadership of the state.
The four distinct Varnas or castes that are mutually exclusive, hereditary, endogamous, and occupation-specific are the Brahmins (priests), Kshatriyas (warriors), Vaisyas (traders & merchants), and Sudras (those engaged in menial jobs).
For example, Brian Dickey (1994) argues that by the 1990s, the Australian evangelical domain can be seen as a "self-contained, self-directing phenomena whose linkages are tenuous and various, whose driving forces are largely endogamous, whose endeavors are largely independent" (240).
During all of these troubled times Indonesian unity was affirmed in its endogamous Javanese-Hindu past and not in the exogamous Islamic umma.
Lastly, regarding class and caste issues, caste is defined at birth and an individual belongs to an endogamous group but class can change at any moment of time.