endogamy


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endogamy

(ĕndŏg`əmē): see marriagemarriage,
socially sanctioned union that reproduces the family. In all societies the choice of partners is generally guided by rules of exogamy (the obligation to marry outside a group); some societies also have rules of endogamy (the obligation to marry within a group).
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endogamy

a rule prescribing marriage within a given social group. The group may belong to a LINEAGE, CASTE, CLASS, ethnic affiliation, or other type of social classification. The converse of endogamy is EXOGAMY. Since all marriage systems are both endogamous and exogamous, it is necessary to specify in detail the prescribed and the proscribed groups.

Endogamy

 

a custom prescribing marriage within a certain social group, such as a tribe, caste, or clan.

In primitive society the tribe was endogamous, and the clan was exogamous (seeEXOGAMY). During the period of the decay of primitive communal relations, the clan or, more frequently, intraclan groups (patronymic groups) among the Malagasy, part of the Bantu, the Arabs, the Uzbeks, the Tuareg, and other peoples became endogamous in an attempt to keep property among close relatives. Ortho-cousin marriages between the children of, for example, cousins and second cousins were arranged in the father’s line and, less frequently, in the mother’s line. Caste endogamy characterizes the castes of India.

REFERENCES

Engels, F. Proiskhozhdenie sem’i, chastnoi sobstvennosti i qosudarstva. In K. Marx and F. Engels, Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 21.
Shternberg, L. Ia. Sem’ia i rod u narodov Severo-Vostochnoi Azii. Leningrad, 1933.

endogamy

[en′däg·ə·mē]
(biology)
Sexual reproduction between organisms which are closely related.
(botany)
Pollination of a flower by another flower of the same plant.
References in periodicals archive ?
After that, the solidification of India's caste system resulted in a shift toward endogamy.
Furthermore, we sought to determine whether the relationships among program faculty members have a tendency towards endogamy or not.
Meanwhile, Barr's real-life anxiety about close endogamy seems eclipsed by David and Darlene's almost uncomfortably saccharine wedding vows, in which Darlene states that the "best way we can make it" is to "rely on each other the way our parents, Dan and Roseanne Conner, have.
Women perhaps had greater flexibility with the caste system as, being in short supply, caste endogamy could no longer be binding.
This study aims to investigate matrimonial strategy among Chaouis by exploring different types of assortative mating: consanguinity, endogamy and social homogamy (cultural and professional) in order to establish the Chaouis family structure.
In these studies the low value of the observed heterozygosity can be explained by the swarming behavior of stingless bees, since the daughter colony is commonly founded near the original one, favoring endogamy.
While these traditional attitudes and claims to social exclusivity continue to be found in Yemen, they are interspersed with new and varied opinions on the group's social status, ongoing relevance, and endogamy.
The species that escape from such risks may be subjected to the effects of endogamy, which usually causes low reproductive efficiency (WILDT et al.
Editors have to manage in different areas to be able to fulfil the criteria coming from outside: periodicity, number of articles, little or no endogamy, the deadlines, the hunt for internationally and nationally known academicians to be part of the scientific committees, the evaluators and, internally, the allocation of budget for things such as print editions, snail mail, assistants, and proofreaders.
As a result of evolutionary history, endogamy and consanguinity, populations of the Indian subcontinent demonstrate high genetic differentiation and extensive sub- structuring.
Khalid Al Thihli said, "Many populations in the developing world remain largely poorly explored from a genetic standpoint, yet owing to a number of factors including endogamy and high rates of consanguinity coupled with rapid economic growth in some countries along with improved awareness about the importance of research, some countries in the developing world have contributed significantly to some translational discoveries in the field of genetics.
In fact, because there is still a strong cultural component to Judaism, the Jew is probably more compelled by the idea of endogamy.