endolymph


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endolymph

[′en·də‚limf]
(physiology)
The lymph fluid found in the membranous labyrinth of the ear.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Free-floating endolymph particles: a new operative finding during posterior semicircular canal occlusion.
Both approaches try to lessen excess endolymph, hence making attacks less frequent.
Briefly, the vibration of the stapes footplate would induce motion of the endolymph in the bony semicircular canal when a third window exists [6, 18].
The endolymphatic valve allows the endolymph flow from the utricle to the saccule, but not vice versa (26).
It is thought that the protein is involved in sodium reuptake from the endolymph in amiloride-sensitive sodium channels (44).
TMPRSS3 plays an important role in activating the ENaC sodium channel and maintaining a low Na+ concentration in the endolymph of the inner ear [10-12].
Based on pathological studies, the mechanism for caloric paresis may be related to ampullary distortion with accumulation of endolymph.[sup][29] With further evolution of the disease process, the vestibular function changes gradually.
Exposure to hyperglycemia even for short periods will trigger the cascade of metabolic reactions, such as increasing the endothelial permeability and disturbing the cochlear endolymph electrolyte homeostasis, that will affect the cochlea both functionally and morphologically.
Because the structure of the basal turns was intact in all sectioned cochleas, the number of transplanted cells was counted in four anatomical subregions of the scala media: lateral wall, basilar membrane, limbus spiral, and the endolymph. The distribution of transplanted cells was compared in each compartment.
Endolymphatic hydrops is a consequence of a disturbance in the homeostasis of endolymph. Some believe that MD is a result of a "fragile" ear in which certain factors make the inner ear more prone to dysregulation of homeostasis and more susceptible to changes in the body or the environment [48].
The inner ear consists of two primary extracellular fluid compartments, the perilymph and the endolymph. The apical face of the sensory cells is bathed by endolymph.
However, modifications of these cells due to the movement of the endolymph in the inner ear, results in a change in the tonic neuronal firing rate.