endomorph

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Related to endomorphy: mesomorphy

endomorph

[′en·də‚mȯrf]
(psychology)
A somatotype suggested by W.H. Sheldon to describe a person with a rounded physique; associated with viscerotonia.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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Based on these methods, several authors determined the importance of adiposity levels in sports performance (Legaz and Eston, 2005; Arrese and Ostariz, 2006); however, different disciplines also have their own morphological require ments, such as long arms for rowing, greater endomorphy for throwing sports, or greater ectomorphy for long-distance running (Kerr, 1995).
(2011) established international referential somatotypes in which, specifically for Olympic male race walkers, a predominantly mesomorphic somatotype and low endomorphy were observed; however, they did not report the length of the race nor the values for female race walkers.
Correlation between Endomorphy rating and composite FMS score (r=-0.15, p=0.16).
max Body height [cm] 165.31 5.71 157.00 178.00 Body mass [kg] 55.21 5.40 45.80 65.50 Skinfold thickness [mm] triceps 12.38 2.61 7.30 17.30 subscapular 9.65 2.86 6.00 16.80 calf 10.42 2.65 6.10 16.30 suprailiac 10.01 2.86 5.10 15.10 Circumference [cm] calf 35.73 1.88 33.00 40.00 flexed arm 23.74 1.72 20.50 26.50 Breadth [cm] biepicondylar 6.52 0.46 5.50 7.20 bicondylar 8.85 0.59 8.00 10.30 Body-built [index] endomorphy 2.60 0.54 1.85 3.73 mesomorphy 3.99 0.77 2.17 5.19 ectomorphy 3.23 0.54 2.08 4.29 M-mean; SD-standard deviation; min.-minimal value; max-maximal value.
Age was linked to endomorphy, mesomorphy and ectomorphy.
Somatotype components changed across adolescence too; endomorphy and ectomorphy decreased, while mesomorphy increased.
If HWR< 38,25 then Ectomorphy = HWR * 01 Somatoplot coordinates whose somatocards are formed with the endomorphy, mesomorphy and ectomorphy calculated are calculated with equitation of X = Ectomorphy--Endomorphy, Y = 2 (Mesomorphy)--(Endomorphy + Ectomorphy).
When the somatotype parameters are examined, while the highest endomorphy value is obtained from sedentary group, it is found to be higher than the other two groups significantly (P<0.05, Table 4).
The first number represents the amount of endomorphy, the second number the amount of mesomorphy, and the third number the amount of ectomorphy.
Endomorphy = -0.7182 + 0.1415(X)--0.00068([X.sup.2]) + 0.0000014([X.sup.3])
Regarding endomorphy and mesomorphy, a one-way between-subjectsANOVA revealed a significant main effect (F2,271 = 5.804, p = 0.003, [[eta].sup.2] = 0.041 and F2,271 = 5.822, p = 0.003, [[eta].sup.2] = 0.041, respectively).
Somatotyping components (endomorphy - mesomorphy ectomorphy) were calculated according to Carter & Heath (1990) method, using the somato type software (SomatotypeV.