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endoscope, any instrument used to look inside the body. Usually consisting of a fiber-optic tube attached to a viewing device, endoscopes are used to explore and biopsy such areas as the colon and the bronchi of the lungs. Endoscopes employing miniature television cameras and tiny surgical implements now allow exploration and endoscopic surgery through small incisions; such surgery is much less traumatic to the patient than traditional open surgery. Laparoscopic surgery, in which the endoscope is inserted through a small incision in the abdomen or chest, is used to correct abnormalities of the ovaries and as an alternative to traditional gall bladder and chest surgery. Arthroscopic surgery is endoscopic surgery performed on joints such as the knee or shoulder.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a medical instrument for the examination of hollow organs (for example, the esophagus, stomach, and bronchi) and the abdominal and other body cavities. Endoscopes have optical and illumination systems. There are two basic types: rigid endoscopes (for example, proctoscopes), which use optical systems of lenses, and flexible fiberscopes (for example, esophago-gastroscopes), which use fiber optics. Fiberscopes make possible the examination of organs that cannot be seen with rigid endoscopes (for example, the duodenum). The optical systems of flexible endoscopes consist of numerous glass fibers (light guides), which measure 0.01–0.02 mm in diameter.

The use of endoscopes not only has made possible the examination of various organs but also has aided greatly in the visual guiding of biopsy procedures and in surgery (removal of foreign bodies and polyps, coagulation of bleeding vessels). Modern endoscopes permit complication-free examination.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


An instrument used to visualize the interior of a body cavity or hollow organ.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nosocomial infections from contaminated endoscopes: a flawed automated endoscope washer.
Integrated Endoscopy's intellectual property portfolio includes nearly 20 issued patents in the United States, Europe, Japan, Australia, and Canada covering the lens system design, LED lighting systems in a rigid endoscope, and high-quality molded glass lenses that are at the core of its cutting-edge devices.
The report also discusses major technological trends in the endoscope market, including white light endoscopy (WLE), chromo endoscopy, narrow-band imaging (NBI), auto fluorescence imaging (AFI), confocal laser endomicroscopy (CLE) and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES).
Capsule endoscopy is an area rich in development, and the opportunities for this type of endoscope seem endless.
The UW software could be used with any endoscope, though the team sees particular benefit in combining it with its flexible endoscope.
Reportedly, the use of reusable endoscopes can pose a contamination risk to patients because the devices are difficult to reprocess between uses.
The arachnoid was opened, and the endoscope cannula was inserted together with 0[degrees] or 30[degrees] endoscopes to capture panoramic views of the neurovascular structures.
Until now, it has not been possible to track where an endoscope is located in the body in order to guide it to the right place without using X-rays or other expensive methods
The business consists of a portfolio of high-quality automatic endoscope reprocessors, advanced endoscope storage and drying cabinets including the ENDODRY Storage and Drying System, washer-disinfectors for central sterile applications, associated technical service and parts, and endoscope repair services.
BHT Group will enable the company to become the market leader in automated endoscope reprocessors in Germany.
The hospital also purchased the cleaning and sterilized machine for the endoscope (endo disinfectant) so that infection is controlled.
Endoscope (0 degree and 45 degrees, 4 mm wide and 18 cm long).