enema


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Related to enema: Coffee Enema, Fleet Enema

enema

Med
1. the introduction of liquid into the rectum to evacuate the bowels, medicate, or nourish
2. the liquid so introduced

Enema

 

the injection of fluids into the rectum through the anus in order to clear the intestine of retained stool or to administer medicinal liquids or diagnostic agents.

Enemas are classified as purgative, laxative, medicinal, and diagnostic. Purgative, or evacuative, enemas involve the injection of 1–1.5 liters of water or soap solution at 25–30°C in order to stimulate peristalsis by irritating the intestinal mucosa and to soften a hard stool. A variation of the purgative enema is the siphon enema, in which a half-liter or liter of water is injected repeatedly and rhythmically by the siphon principle. The siphon enema is used with intestinal pareses to promote the restoration of peristalsis. Laxative enemas involve the injection of 50–200 ml of vegetable oil or 50–100 ml of a hypertonic solution of table salt, magnesium sulfate, and sodium sulfate; it is used when strain is undesirable in evacuating the bowels. Medicinal enemas involve the introduction of medicinal substances to act directly on the intestinal mucosa or to be absorbed through the intestinal walls (for example, in cases of intractable vomiting). Proctoclysis, or the rectal drip method, is used when the introduction of large quantities of fluid into the body is necessary (fluid injected by drops being better absorbed). The injection of glucose solution or physiological saline by enema is extremely uncommon. Diagnostic enemas involve the introduction of contrastive substances for subsequent X-ray examination.

enema

[′en·ə·mə]
(medicine)
A rectal injection of liquid for therapeutic, diagnostic, or nutritive purposes.
References in periodicals archive ?
We finally confirmed the flow of enema into the distal small bowel and thus indication used to stop further push of enema.
6) A complication of enema reduction is bowel perforation from excess pressure on damaged or gangrenous bowel.
Although Goop put a disclaimer in its article stating that it is not "a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment" and it did not specifically recommend the coffee enema itself (just the machine), the concept still has raised a lot of eyebrows across the internet.
Enemas involve the irrigation of liquid through the anus and into the colon to increase fecal water content and to stimulate colonic contraction (peristalsis) to promote fecal evacuation.
Keywords: Bowel preparation, colonoscopy, constipation, sennoside A&B, sodium phosphate enema
Barium enema is a non-invasive investigation available for the surgeon to assess the level of aganglionosis and plan the corrective surgery.
Normal saline instilled in the large bowel was allowed to drain back into the enema can.
Bear, who famously gave himself an enema during of his Man vs Wild series and has devoured everything from goat testicles to live giant spiders on TV, says the new series promises to be no walk in the park.
Ingredients: 2 tbsp of organic coffee, 2 pints of purified water, enema kit.
On the second day of life, a contrast enema was performed, demonstrating a microcolon with the cecum and appendix located in the left upper quadrant, confirming malrotation (Figure 2).
They then took him to the Gila Regional Medical Center, where he was subjected to an abdominal X-ray that showed no drugs; a manual search of the inside of his anus that found no drugs; a forced enema and defecation in front of officers, which found no drugs; two more rounds of forced enemas that found no drugs; more X-rays that found no drugs; and finally a forced colonoscopy under sedation in which a camera was rammed through to his colon and large intestine.
However, FMT using other modes of delivery--either enema or duodenal infusion through esoph-agogastroduodenoscopy--was not cost effective because of its relatively lower cure rates.