The newly presented concept, published in the journal Physical Review Letters (PRL), addresses the energy spread
, one of the most pressing challenges of this novel technology, and could enable applications such as compact free-electron lasers, measuring just dozens of meters instead of kilometres as today.
Qualitative interviews showed that they generated emotional energy through their interactions with the staff and energy spread
through the network.
Assume the solar energy spread
equally in this distance, that's about 3*10^17 km2.
With its significantly smaller energy spread
as compared to traditional thermal field emission sources, the cFEG provides a boost in image contrast owing to an improvement in the envelope functions, particularly in the sub-5[Angstrom] resolution region.
Thanks to the energy compression property, the SS signal which had energy spread
over time, it now can be turned into single pulse.
The numerical simulations imply that the relativistic ponderomotive acceleration can produce high quality electron bunches characterized by an extremely short bunch duration of sub-femtosecond, the energy spread
less than 1%, and the normalized transverse emittance less than 10: mmmrad.
Nevertheless, businesses, particularly small and medium enterprises (SMEs), that don't increase their headcount may struggle to grow, with their time and energy spread
too thin handling non-core tasks.
The UC source improves imaging resolution at low accelerating voltages by decreasing the energy spread
among beam electrons, which reduces chromatic aberration and permits the beam to be focused into a smaller spot on the sample surface.
But that's the difference between taking one of Mike Tyson's punches to the head, and receiving that same energy spread
out over a week; one will kill you, the other you won't even notice.
Second-generation devices helped improve concerns of energy spread
by hooking a computer up to measure the current.
Monopolar, bipolar, and laser instruments available at that time were inherently risky to use along the pelvic sidewall because of their potential for 1) considerable thermal energy spread
beyond the area of treatment (bipolar, NG:YAG laser, monopolar) and 2) unreliable hemostasis (C[O.sub.2] laser).
While much of the quake's energy spread
along the planet's surface, some radiated downward, traveled through Earth's core and then returned to the surface in Japan, where more than 700 seismometers picked up the vibes.