block

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block

2. a casing housing one or more freely rotating pulleys
3. Pathol
a. interference in the normal physiological functioning of an organ or part
b. See heart block
c. See nerve block
4. Psychol a short interruption of perceptual or thought processes
5. Computing a group of words treated as a unit of data on a tape, disk, etc
6. Athletics short for starting block
7. Cricket a mark made near the popping crease by a batsman to indicate his position in relation to the wicket

Block

A large piece of stone, taken from the quarry to the mill for sawing and further working.

Block

 

in engineering:

(1) A unit of a mechanism in the form of a wheel with a groove around its circumference over which a cable or chain is drawn. It is used to change the direction of a tractive force and to obtain a force or velocity advantage; more rarely, to transfer a torque. Depending on their function, blocks are known as guide, balance, runner, and driving (for imparting rotary motion to a shaft) pulleys. In order to achieve a large force or velocity advantage, a lifting mechanism made up of a combination of blocks (a block and tackle) is used.

(2) A subassembly of a machine, consisting of several identical parts, such as a block of cylinders in an internal combustion engine or the spindle block in a multiple-spindle machine.

(3) A stone (concrete or ceramic) of large size (appreciably larger than a brick) used in the construction of buildings and for road surfacing.

N. IA. NIBERG

block

[bläk]
(computer science)
A group of information units (such as records, words, characters, or digits) that are transported or considered as a single unit by virtue of their being stored in successive storage locations; for example, a group of logical records constituting a physical record.
The section of a computer memory or storage device that stores such a group of information units. Also known as storage block.
To combine two or more information units into a single unit.
A contiguous group of text characters that is marked for moving, copying, saving, deletion, or some other word-processing operation.
(design engineering)
A metal or wood case enclosing one or more pulleys; has a hook with which it can be attached to an object.
(mining engineering)
A division of a mine, usually bounded by workings but sometimes by survey lines or other arbitrary limits.
In quarrying, a large portion of rock that is removed from the quarry as a solid mass for further processing at a mill.
(petroleum engineering)
The subdivision of a sea area for the licensing of oil and gas exploration and production rights.
(statistics)
In experimental design, a homogeneous aggregation of items under observation, such as a group of contiguous plots of land or all animals in a litter.

block

block, 6
1. A masonry unit; a concrete block.
2. (Brit.) A walling unit which exceeds in length, width, or height the dimensions specified for a brick.
3. A solid piece of wood or other material.
4. A plank or timber which serves as bridging between joists or the like.
5. In quarrying, the large piece of stone, generally squared, that is taken from the quarry to the mill for sawing, slabbing, and further working.
6. A mechanical

block

1. <unit> A unit of data or memory, often, but not exclusively, on a magnetic disk or magnetic tape.

Compare record, sector.

block

(1) A group of disk or tape records that is stored and transferred as a single unit. On a CD, a block consists of 98 frames of 33 bytes for a total of 3,234 bytes, or 1/75th of a second. See block level.

(2) A group of bits or bytes that is transmitted or processed as a single unit.

(3) A group of text characters that has been marked for moving, copying, saving or other operation.

(4) A rectangular group of pixels that are processed as a unit.

(5) A group of program statements that are treated as a unit based on the results of a comparison.
References in periodicals archive ?
One of the challenges was to create a robust coating applicator since commonly-used thermal spray devices were not capable of coating cylinder bores of automotive engine blocks.
On its rookie outing, Valiant Industries produced its first NASCAR[R] engine block in only 271 days, thanks to the capabilities of its HMCs.
The heaviest part of a car is its engine and the engine block makes up to 20-25% of the total engine weight.
Laughlin purchases stock Ford 358 cu in engines and then performs a process called blueprinting to assure that the actual dimensions of the engine block match those specified on the print.
To get started WM picked up 206 engine blocks from HEC and took them to Wisconsin for machining.
Auto Business News-24 April 2009-Ford India to source engine blocks from domestic vendor(C)2009 ENPublishing - http://www.
4 million, will be used for the purchase of new production lines for engine blocks and heads and other autoparts, such as crankshafts.
LLC , announced today that it has provided approximately $42 million in long-term financing through the sale & leaseback of three manufacturing facilities owned by Gortz+Schiele ("G+S"), a leading independent manufacturer of precision- machined engine blocks in Germany, the United States, and Mexico.
Formulated for sealing automotive flanges, cooling systems, engine blocks, engine and transmission oil pans, axle cover seals and where immediate pressure leak testing is required, the 3-0115 sealant is said to provide an elastomeric seal that is resistant to most automotive powertrain fluids.
This technology is used to scan Ford GT engine blocks prior to its delivery to Ford's Romeo, MI, niche engine line.
The cars are kept in gleaming condition, right down to their engine blocks, by their owners, many of whom would like to see the state's smog check laws change to exempt their projects.
Chery Automobile (Chery), a China-based automaker, has started construction of a foundry plant of engine blocks.