Enjambment

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Enjambment

 

in prosody, placement of the syntactic pause or stop at a position other than the rhythmic pause at the end of a line, hemistich, or stanza.

In classical verse there are three kinds of enjambment: rejet is the placement of the end of a clause or sentence at the beginning of the following line, contre-rejet the placement of the beginning of a sentence at the end of the preceding line, and double-rejet the placement of the beginning of a sentence at the end of one line and its conclusion at the start of the following line.

When enjambments are used sparingly, they give a strong intonational emphasis to the parts of the sentence severed by the line’s division. If they are numerous, they produce an intonation so close to that of prose that it almost obscures the verse rhythm; this is particularly true in dramatic verse. Classicism avoided enjambment; romanticism and some poetic schools of the 20th century cultivated it. An example of enjambment from modern poetry can be seen in the following lines of M. Tsvetaeva:

It matters not to me among which
People—I shall be bristling like a captive
Lion, or from what circle of people
I shall be excluded—inevitably …

REFERENCE

Shengeli, G. Tekhnika stikha. Moscow, 1960.

M. L. GASPAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
He considers first examples of dissymmetry between metrical and syntactic structuring in which a small syntactic group spills from one line to the next (a form of enjambement) and of stychomythie (a series of short speeches constituting a line or series of verse lines in drama; 198-200).
Aqui, nao ha enjambement; a estrofe e a antistrofe formam, cada uma, uma unidade sintatica, em que a correspondencia e destacada pela repeticao de hic nos ultimos versos.
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Dans les "Pensees de Joseph Delorme," Sainte-Beuve compare la poesie de Chenier a un vaste paysage vegetal, mais cite un de ses amis qui "a coutume de comparer les vers dithyrambiques d'Andre Chenier, ou les coupes et les enjambements surabondent, a ces combats decorches auxquels s'exercait l'illustre et infortune Gericault" (147, 148).
(38) Ne fanno parte il notissimo sonetto LIV, O Sonno, o de la queta, umida, ombrosa (ancora un capolavoro stilistico, in cui il procedimento invocativo e inter rogativo e rafforzato dalla quasi naturale intelaiatura di enjambements), (39) ma anche testi di definitiva rinuncia al mondo, come il son.
O preciosismo vocabular, na tentativa de um musico sem cultura formal, revela-se na presenca de verdadeiros neologismos de aspecto culto, como esculturada, lanceado, olentes, perenal etc, mas que nao consegue realizar rimas raras--na verdade sao quase todas pobres--embora a letra da cancao seja recheada de enjambements. Talvez os parnasianos refutassem a validade de Rosa, mas nao sua influencia nesta composicao.
Aussi trouve-t-on dans les Cahiers des remarques accusant les "enjambements de syntaxe--souvent tres embarrassants embarrasses" chez Mallarme (XXV, 527), ou alignant