Enjambment

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Related to enjambments: end-stopped, caesuras

Enjambment

 

in prosody, placement of the syntactic pause or stop at a position other than the rhythmic pause at the end of a line, hemistich, or stanza.

In classical verse there are three kinds of enjambment: rejet is the placement of the end of a clause or sentence at the beginning of the following line, contre-rejet the placement of the beginning of a sentence at the end of the preceding line, and double-rejet the placement of the beginning of a sentence at the end of one line and its conclusion at the start of the following line.

When enjambments are used sparingly, they give a strong intonational emphasis to the parts of the sentence severed by the line’s division. If they are numerous, they produce an intonation so close to that of prose that it almost obscures the verse rhythm; this is particularly true in dramatic verse. Classicism avoided enjambment; romanticism and some poetic schools of the 20th century cultivated it. An example of enjambment from modern poetry can be seen in the following lines of M. Tsvetaeva:

It matters not to me among which
People—I shall be bristling like a captive
Lion, or from what circle of people
I shall be excluded—inevitably …

REFERENCE

Shengeli, G. Tekhnika stikha. Moscow, 1960.

M. L. GASPAROV

References in periodicals archive ?
The internal enjambments of "Hymn to Prosperine" create the effect of quantity, and the inconsistent dactylic hexameters of "Hesperia" demonstrate as well as allegorize the classical hexameter as inimitable in English.
So enjambment has something to do with the stride or meter of poetry.
The cumulative effect of these enjambments is a long series of syntactically complex half-line phrases.
In a modernist fashion O'Hara has been able to--thanks to snapped off perceptions and enjambments, a dream-like translation of Rachmaninoff's music--evoke the romance with madness and entropy itself.
Moreover, we are simply unable to recover from the texts themselves any metalinguistic signals, such as changes in intonation or emphasis, let alone any kind of gestural cues, which could have been used by one rhapsode to signal the next rhapsode as to exactly what feature of the lead verse he would need to focus on for his enjambment.
There is no Mars without Venus, I decided; the 16 glimpses of greens Valles Marineris offers are Venuses pressing through Martian enjambments of dark, Venuses rising, minus the seashells (and minus the Venuses), from Botticelli's oceans.
4) The reader feels like both the receptor of the enjambments and whatever metaphoric turns they produce as well as the generator of their meaning, which can only be activated during the process of reading.
In both poems, all the enjambments are what Charles Hartman calls "strong enjambment" (107), the breaking of the verse line across the syntactical line.
Skoog manipulates readers' expectations with quirky enjambments ("my brother is an orange / crate of records"), frequent syntactical shifts, and the absence of most punctuation and capitalization.
We lose all of Olson's innovations: his idiosyncratic line breaks and enjambments, his prosodic experiments with Whitehead's process philosophy, his peculiar forms of punctuation and spacing, his obsession with "composing by ear" and with the reinstitution of embodied breath and shamanic orality.
The tension of his abrupt enjambments, the stuttered definitions, shifting vectors in syntax, which cut by line breaks, knotted by anacoluthon (to effect metaphor of locutions rather than images), yet ends up, like a magician's rope, in one piece--these haunt me with felt time: argons of alert animality pacing in thought.