enterocyte


Also found in: Medical, Wikipedia.

enterocyte

[′en·tə·rə‚sit]
(histology)
A cell that lines the intestinal wall.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
This implication should not be surprising given the EM evidence of enterocyte and microvillus damage (62), elevated 1-FABP levels (63,64), deficits in disaccharidase (65), and anti-TG2 antibodies along epithelial and microvascular basement membranes (66), together with the continued activation of chemokines and their respective genes at this early phase of mucosal reorganization (67,68).
In typical EHEC, adhesion to the intestinal epithelium is mediated by the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE), a chromosomal pathogenicity island (PAI), shared with Enteropathogenic E.
Intimin is a bacterial outer membrane protein encoded within a chromosomal pathogenicity island referred to as the Locus of Enterocyte Effacement (LEE) (1).
Bile acid uptake into the enterocyte occurs principally in the terminal ileum via the apical sodium-dependent bile acid transporter (ASBT) [46].
This barrier consists of physical factors (i.e., enterocyte membranes and tight junctions), mucous secretion, and immune factors [31, 32].
Though hepcidin is known to inhibit extracellular iron transport by inducing FPN internalization or degradation in Hela cells [7], it remains unclear how hepcidin acts in enterocyte. Our results suggest that there may be tissue-specific differences.
[6] KARCHER, DM.; APPLEGATE, T Survey of enterocyte morphology and tight junction formation in the small intestine of avian embryos.
Establishment and characterization of partially differentiated chicken enterocyte cell clones.
[22] established in mice that LDL-chol uptake and chol synthesis in the enterocyte are upregulated under EZE treatment.
Morphometric analysis included measurements of the length of villi, crypt depth, mucosal thickness, and muscle layer thickness, as well as the presence of large vacuoles, as markers of enterocyte maturation.
Importantly, enterocyte metabolism of butyrate at the entrance of the colonic crypt was an important modulator of the SCFA dosage received by IESCs, suggesting that certain enterocytes may support the niche [114].