enterolith


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enterolith

[′ent·ə·rō‚lith]
(pathology)
A concretion formed in the intestine.
References in periodicals archive ?
*Endoscopic polypectomy to remove small-bowel polyps involved no digestive tract bleeding and perforation, and open surgery was avoided *Similarly, surgery was unnecessary after endoscopic lithotripsy for small intestinal obstruction caused by an enterolith because the obstruction was relieved when the enterolith was shattered *Among the 18 patients with bleeding from Dieulafoy's lesions of the small bowel, 14 patients were controlled with endoscopic hemostasis.
The pathology report confirmed the presence of a large enterolith, 5 cm in diameter, and ulcerative transmural inflammation of the resected part of the small intestine.
An ileocecal resection was performed under the diagnosis of impacted cecal enterolith. Although appendiceal wall thickening was not noted, infiltration of neutrophils within the mucosa and lymphocytes and eosinophils within the subserosa and adipose tissue were confirmed microscopically.
(2,3) Mechanical intestinal obstruction can be due to enteroliths, intussusception, adhesive band formation as a result of previous diverticulitis, and volvulus.
The diagnosis of enterolith ileus is established by observing an unremarkable gallbladder and the presence of a small bowel diverticula [2], in this case a duodenal diverticulum.
He had a history of 2 laparotomies in the past both for small bowel obstruction secondary to enterolith impaction that had failed to resolve with conservative measures.
Primary enteroliths arise due to the stasis of the intestinal contents, and the underlying pathologies include diverticular disease, blind pouches, intestinal stenosis, and strictures.
Case report: CT findings in acute necrotizing Meckel's diverticulum due to obstructing enterolith. JCAT 1995; 19:808-810.
Gallstone ileus is well described, but there are few reported cases of primary enterolith causing SBO.
(13-17) Intraluminal and extraluminal intestinal obstructions due to ingestion of foreign material, parasites, enteroliths, strictures, volvulus, intussusception, incarcerated hernias, or mural lesions like neoplasia or granulomas have all been described in birds.
Enterotomies are often employed for enteroliths, foreign bodies, and impacted material removal [1,2].