pylori infection presented milder forms of enteropathy
compared to those who were negative for H.
associated T cell lymphoma in celiac disease: A large retrospective study.
Of the 45 patients which had negative EGD exam for any esophageal varices (EV), portal hypertensive gastropathy (PHG), or gastric varices (GV), 31 patients (69%) had features of portal hypertension enteropathy
in their VCE.
Finally, smooth muscle myopathy  and angiopathy  are considered a contributing factor in the development of diabetic enteropathy
. Taken together, diabetes induces marked structural remodelling of the wall of the GI tract and its neuronal support leading to altered function of the GI tract.
Brousse, "Intestinal epithelial dysplasia (tufting enteropathy
)," Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, vol.
Additionally, Hirayama described the cooccurrence of GAVE and protein losing enteropathy
against a background of chronic GVHD .
Celiac disease (CD) (also called gluten-sensitive enteropathy
and non-tropical sprue) is a known entity since 1888 when first described by Samuel Gee in a report titled 'On the Coeliac Affection' although description of a chronic, malabsorptive disorder by Aretaeus from Turkey reaches as far back as the second century AD.
DH is strongly linked to celiac disease, a gluten-sensitive enteropathy
. The proposed pathophysiology of DH involves an initial autoimmune response to gliadin, a gluten-derived peptide that is delaminated by tissue transglutaminase.
Meanwhile, HIV itself has been regarded as a mediator of small bowel enteropathy
. As the lymphoid tissue of the gut plays an important role in the defense against external pathogens, the gastrointestinal mucosa can become the main target of HIV infection [2, 3].
Other rare manifestations include mesenteric venous insufficiency due to pressure from enlarged sarcoid lymphadenopathy, megaloblastic anemia caused by terminal ilium infiltration, and protein-losing enteropathy
demonstrated STAT1 GOF mutations in five patients with IPEX-like features (autoimmunity and enteropathy
) and accompanying CMC phenotype.
recommended performing CE as a routine examination in Child-Pugh class C patients  because portal hypertensive enteropathy
(PHE) was frequently found by CE in cirrhotic patients but not in controls (67.5% versus 0, P < 0.001).