enterotoxin


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Related to enterotoxin: endotoxin, staphylococcal enterotoxin, Shiga toxin, Superantigen

enterotoxin

[‚ent·ə·rō′täk·sən]
(microbiology)
A toxin produced by Micrococcus pyogenes var. aureus (Staphylococcus aureus) which gives rise to symptoms of food poisoning in humans and monkeys.
References in periodicals archive ?
Polymerase chain reaction assay was employed to detect the virulence toxin genes like alpha toxin gene (cpa), beta toxin gene (cpb), epsilon toxin gene (etx), iota toxin gene (iA), enterotoxin gene (cpe) and beta2 toxin gene (cpb2) of C.
cereus diarrheal enterotoxin with culture filtrates (VCP) from over 30 isolates revealed gross morphology changes such as monolayer disruption and cell shrinkage in assays with McCoy cells (unknown mouse tissue) and Vero cells, progressing over a period of 24 hr (19,50).
26, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Integrated BioTherapeutics (IBT) announces the initiation of a Phase 1 clinical trial testing the safety and immunogenicity of its staphylococcal enterotoxin B vaccine "STEBVAX" in healthy adults.
The researchers indicate that their technique may be used to analyze both SEA and Staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) from a single sample.
De the credit for discovering cholera enterotoxin with the rabbit ileal loop.
of the Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University fed the mice with a mixture of whole peanut extract (WPE) and a toxin from the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, called staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) to simulate the human anaphylactic reaction to peanuts in mice.
Two strains presented the LT enterotoxin gene usually found in ETEC strains (strain V7 and S26).
coli strains secreted a novel heat-stable enterotoxin and/or a heat-labile enterotoxin resembling cholera toxin, which accounted for their virulence.
However, a major difference in TD rates was seen between the subjects with and without vaccine "takes," defined as a serum IgA antibody titer of 1,358 or greater to the B-subunit of the cholera enterotoxin component of the vaccine.
The bacteria-produced enterotoxin interacts with intestinal cells to spur diarrhea.
3,4) Nonmenstrual TSS strains are associated with the production of TSST-1 in only 50% of cases, and with enterotoxin B and C production in the residual 50% of cases.