Enteroviruses


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Related to Enteroviruses: enteroviral, coxsackievirus

Enteroviruses

 

a genus of small acid-resistant viruses that contain a single-strand molecule of RNA.

Enteroviruses belong to the family of picornaviruses. They mainly inhabit the intestine of vertebrates, including man, often spreading to and affecting other organs. Enteroviruses include the three types of poliomyelitis virus, which cause disease of the central nervous system and paralysis. Another major group of the genus are the Coxsackie viruses (groups A and B, embracing 30 types), causative agents of encephalomyocarditis of the newborn, pericarditis, aseptic meningitis, and other diseases of man. Enteroviruses also include echoviruses, enterovirus of cows and pigs, the virus of hepatitis in ducks, the virus of encephalomyelitis in mice, and several other enteroviruses of vertebrate animals.

REFERENCES

Zhdanov, V. M., and S. Ia. Gaidamovich. Virusologiia. Moscow, 1966.
The Biology of Animal Viruses, 2nd ed. New York, 1974.
References in periodicals archive ?
To be precise, the diversity of enteroviruses was the same between RD cell culture isolates and fecal suspension for the control (S/N 16), Cases 4a, 5b, 6,7, and 9 (Table 2).
Pallansch et al., "The seasonality of nonpolio enteroviruses in the United States: patterns and drivers," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol.
We used three cell lines for enteroviruses (BGM, RD, and CaCo-2 cell lines) and two for adenoviruses (Graham 293 and A549 cell lines).
The levels of antibodies against CoxA16, EV716, or other common enteroviruses known to cause HFMD in acute and convalescent serum increased by over four times when compared to normal controls.
Enterovirus 68 is associated with respiratory illness and shares biological features with both the enteroviruses and the rhinoviruses.
While more studies are necessary to understand these associations and establish pathogenic mechanisms of enterovirus infections, clear evidence of an association between enteroviruses and type 1 diabetes "opens up the possibility of developing new preventive and therapeutic strategies to fight this disease."
To date, no specific validated method has become available for detection of viral aerosols, nor has aerosol transmission of enteroviruses been established.
The RT-PCR primer and probe target sequences within this region, although not perfectly homologous, are to a great extent conserved among the human enteroviruses (11).With real-time RT-PCR testing, however, false negative results can occur when single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located beneath the probe reduce or prevent probe hybridization and fluorescence during detection (12-15).
They include rhinoviruses, which are associated with the common cold, and enteroviruses, which cause stomach upsets.
(San Diego, CA), developer of advanced diagnostic products, announced that it has expanded its product portfolio to include the MGB Alert ENV real-time PCR reagent, designed to detect sequences associated with enteroviruses. Prevalent in summer and fall, enterovirus infections cause a wide spectrum of diseases and are the most common cause of aseptic meningitis.
The most common cause is coxsackievirus A16; sometimes, enterovirus 71 or other strains of enteroviruses cause HFMD.
For example, ALS-damaged nerve tissue shows little inflammation, he says, unlike tissue infected with enteroviruses such as polio.