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usually has white to pink flowers with spreading and essentially nonimbricate petals, a slight perfume, and is normally entomophilous and rarely visited by birds (Clemants, 1995a; Ramirez, 1989; pers.
The less specialized ericaceous genera are those that have superior ovaries, capsular fruits, and an entomophilous pollination syndrome and are terrestrial in temperate latitudes or habitats.
Additionally, all positively identified species were grouped according to pollination mode as trochilophilous, chiropterophilous, entomophilous, mixed/unspecific (two or three of the first three categories), or autogamous (Kessler & Kromer, 2000).
Wahlenbergia colonizers seem to have been entomophilous as well, but current pollination is largely autogamous (Anderson et al.
For instance, of the 49 species he reported as entomophilous (1928), he actually observed insects on flowers for only 7.
Third, the Brassicaceae represent a special case, because it is an entomophilous family.
Later on, it varies according to whether pollination is anemophilous (Lycopersicon peruvianum) or entomophilous (Petunia hybrida) (Pacini, unpubl.
Entomophilous pollination of the self-compatible species Collinsia sparsiflora Fisher & Meyer.
Chinnock (1982b: 70) evaluated the number of ovules per fruit (and percentage seed set) as indicators of the variability in ovule numbers per fruit in both ornithophilous and entomophilous species.