Neuropathy

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neuropathy

[nu̇′räp·ə·thē]
(medicine)
Any disease affecting neurons.

Neuropathy

 

a functional weakness of the nervous system accompanied by a decrease in the absolute threshold (also called the stimulus, or sensitivity, threshold); the condition is frequently congenital.

Neuropathy arises as a disturbance in the function of the autonomic nervous system owing to deleterious influences on the fetus as a whole (for example, infection in the pregnant mother, trauma, or poisoning) or on the individual embryonic cells (as occurs when the parents suffer from alcoholism). Family circumstances, upbringing, and illnesses suffered by the infant play a role in the pathogenesis of neuropathy. The symptoms usually emerge in childhood or adolescence. When neuropathy occurs in early childhood, disturbances of sleep and appetite are most characteristic; the infant has difficulty in falling asleep, awakes easily, suckles poorly, and frequently spits up. Later, vomiting occurs, and either diarrhea or constipation develop.

From the preschool years on, increased general excitability and the rapid onset of fatigue and exhaustion are observed, in addition to continued disturbances of sleep and appetite. Children who suffer from neuropathy blush easily in response to irritation. Motor hyperactivity, nervous tics, and stammering are frequent. In adolescence, autonomic-vascular instability becomes more acute, as evidenced by frequently occurring nervous palpitation, abrupt shifts in blood pressure, headaches, dizzy spells, and fainting spells. The prognosis is favorable, with the neuropathic symptoms usually disappearing with age.

REFERENCES

Simson, T. Nevropatii, psikhopatii i reaktivnye sostoianiia mladencheskogo vozrasta. Moscow-Leningrad, 1929.
Sukhareva, G. E. Klinicheskie lektsii po psikhiatrii detskogo vozrasta, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.

L. M. SHMAONOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Patients with clinical findings of entrapment neuropathy (e.g., numbness, tingling, and electrical sensations) were not included in the evaluation.
(2) It is the most prevalent entrapment neuropathy worldwide with significant negative effects on the quality of life of individuals suffering from the condition.
A systematic evaluation of sequential muscles and nerves can identify polyneuropathy, entrapment neuropathy, plexopathy, or radiculopathy.
KEY WORDS: Electrodiagnostic, Entrapment neuropathy, Median nerve, Ulnar nerve.
However, they lead to formation of entrapment neuropathy by the adverse effects they create in nerve metabolism as in diabetes.
Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the commonest median nerve entrapment neuropathy with preponderance in females.
Di Marzo, "Use of palmitoylethanolamide in the entrapment neuropathy of the median in the wrist," Minerva Medica, vol.
The subjects were adult patients who received a diagnosis of entrapment neuropathy or radiculopathy between January 2010 and June 2010 and were subsequently referred to the EMG laboratory at Acibadem University.
Entrapment neuropathy of ilio-hypogastric, ilio-inguinal, genito-femoral, obturator and pudendal nerves.
Cranial osteopathy focused on the sphenobasilar joint and the most likely places for intracranial entrapment neuropathy of oculomotor, trochlearis, and abducens nerves, which regulate intra- and extraocular muscles.
Two patients (8%) showed features of entrapment neuropathy of median nerve i.e.