One objection is grounded in the assertion that any act of nuclear transfer in which a "reasonably complete human genome" is placed into an enucleated
egg directly mimics conception and must be considered the initiation of a human life.
The only possibility to clone these animals is the technique of interspecific cloning involving the transference of nuclei from cells of the giant panda into enucleated
ovocytes from another bear species, the gestation being established in a species different to the nuclei donor species.
Scientists also have the ability to take an unfertilized egg or an enucleated
egg, fuse it with a nucleus from any cell of that individual or another individual, and, with an electric shock, induce this fused cell to divide.
to produce a human embryo (as is done in in-vitro fertilization) by fusion of a sperm and an ovum, or by transferring the nucleus into an enucleated
human egg (nuclear transfer).
Researchers are experimenting right now to see if new embryonic stem cells could be formed by introducing the nucleus of an adult cell into an already existing enucleated
embryonic stem cell, thus bypassing the need to use human eggs.
These eyes were enucleated
without any focal intervention.
Caption: Figure 4: Enucleated
mass with the root of tooth #22.
(39) investigated histological complications in 8 eyes that were enucleated
for various reasons following intra-arterial chemotherapy and found foreign material with birefringence index in the blood vessels of 5 of the eyes.
On opening of the tunica albuginea, we found a 2-cm intratesticular solid lesion with calcified outer walls which were enucleated
. Microscopic histopathology confirmed a benign epidermoid cyst (Fig.
specimen was sent for histopathologic examination which showed stratified squamous epithelium of 5-8 cell layer thickness, with a corrugated parakeratin layer and flat epithelial connective tissue interface.
This is indeed a standard alternative method used to introduce the somatic nucleus into an enucleated
Some histopathologic findings in enucleated
eyes, designated as high-risk factors (HRFs), are associated with a greater risk of orbital recurrence and distant metastasis and need adjuvant therapy.