Envelopment

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Envelopment

 

a troop maneuver carried out to strike blows at one or both flanks of the enemy.

Envelopment is employed in a meeting engagement, in an offensive against an enemy who is on the defensive or is retreating, and in counterattacks while defending. The maneuver is initiated only if there are open flanks and gaps in the battle formations of the enemy. If there are none of these, it is carried out after the continuous front of the defense is broken through. Envelopment is carried out in close coordination of both fire and tactics with the troops attacking from the front. Envelopment differs from a turning movement in that the latter is carried out in greater depth. In the Great Patriotic War (1941–45), Soviet troops widely and successfully employed envelopment in combination with a turning movement, which made it possible to encircle the enemy troops.

References in classic literature ?
The heavens spread their fiery veils as if to stifle all noises, to envelop all existences; the rabbit under the broom, the fly under the leaf, slept as the wave did beneath the heavens.
That's Michael," she said, and she stretched out her arms for the three little selfish children they would never envelop again.
Experience has since taught me that these great beasts are as terror-stricken by this phenomenon as a landsman by a fog at sea, and that no sooner does a fog envelop them than they make the best of their way to lower levels and a clear atmosphere.
His brows were bright with the divine that was in him, and brighter yet shone his eyes from the midst of the radiance that seemed to envelop him as a mantle.
The purity men love is like the mists which envelop the earth, and not like the azure ether beyond.
When I look back, it seems to me as if this almost miraculous change of inclination and will was the immediate suggestion of the guardian angel of my life --the last effort made by the spirit of preservation to avert the storm that was even then hanging in the stars and ready to envelop me.
Our voices rang around him joyously in the still air, and above his head the sky, pellucid, pure, stainless, arched its tender blue from shore to shore and over the bay, as if to envelop the water, the earth, and the man in the caress of its light.
She seeks to place herself above the sympathies of our common nature, which envelops all human souls.