environmental impact statement


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environmental impact statement,

analysis of the impact that a proposed development, usually industrial, will have on the natural and social environment. It includes assessment of long- and short-term effects on the physical environment, such as air, water, and noise pollution, as well as effects on employment, living standards, local services, and aesthetics. The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 as well as many state and local laws enacted during the late 1960s and early 1970s mandate that these statements be completed before major development projects can begin.

Federal-level environmental impact statements are written by any federal agency on its own behalf or on behalf of a state, local, or private concern that it regulates or funds. Because of the complexity of the environment and the many ways any one project might impinge upon it, the authors of an environmental impact statement usually represent many areas of expertise and may include biologists, sociologists, economists, and engineers. The types of projects covered include dredging, highway or dam construction, and real estate development. A draft statement is submitted to concerned government agencies, especially the Environmental Protection AgencyEnvironmental Protection Agency
(EPA), independent agency of the U.S. government, with headquarters in Washington, D.C. It was established in 1970 to reduce and control air and water pollution, noise pollution, and radiation and to ensure the safe handling and disposal of toxic
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, and to the public for consideration. In some cases litigation arises from environmental groups who want to block a project or from parties who feel that the assessment overstates the risks to the environment to the detriment of economic interests.

Bibliography

See R. K. Jain, L. V. Urban, and G. S. Stacey, Environmental Impact Analysis (2d ed. 1981).

Environmental impact statement

A document required of federal agencies by the National Environmental Policy Act for major projects or legislative proposals significantly affecting the environment. A tool for decision making, it describes the positive and negative effects of undertaking a project and an agency’s alternative actions.

environmental impact statement

[in¦vī·ərn¦mənt·əl ′im‚pakt ‚stāt·mənt]
(engineering)
A report of the potential effect of plans for land use in terms of the environmental, engineering, esthetic, and economic aspects of the proposed objective.

environmental impact statement

A detailed analysis of the probable environmental consequences of proposed federal legislation, major federal actions, or large-scale construction making use of federal funds, likely to have significant effects on environmental quality; such a statement is required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. §4321 et seq.).
References in periodicals archive ?
Such activities on the part of an applicant before the completion of the environmental impact statement are prohibited under the NEPA regulations, which FERC apparently has chosen to ignore to date.
ATOC leaders submitted their federal and state environmental impact statements for California in early May and Hawaii's last week.
To find out more about the Environmental Impact Statement and Reference Design, six community information sessions will be held at locations within the study corridor.
These industry statements form yet another proof point that Keystone fails the President's climate change test that he established in June and that this Environmental Impact Statement fails Secretary Kerry, the President and the American public.
Woehrle says that they started searching for a way to address their concerns and discovered a perfect opportunity: a little-known provision in the state's environmental review rules that allowed for the preparation of a generic environmental impact statement if certain criteria were met.
The Montanore Project is currently undergoing environmental assessment as part of the development of an Environmental Impact Statement and the NEPA process, which are necessary to gaining permits to develop and conduct commercial mining activities.
An interactive web-based mapping tool has been introduced by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) that provides the public with access and information on Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) filed with EPA for major projects proposed on federal lands and other proposed federal actions.
District Court Judge Bernard Zimmerman ordered the FAA to prepare and adopt a full Environmental Impact Statement before construction of the airport expansion can begin.
Three public meetings are scheduled in central Washington to gather comments on a draft environmental impact statement for the proposed Bonneville Power Administration Schultz-Hanford Area 500-kilovolt Transmission Line Project.
When the Draft Environmental Impact Statement was released to the public in July of 1988, the Forest Service chose to ignore our recommendation and proposed paving the entire length of the road.
The Energy Department must also complete an environmental impact statement before it makes its choice final.
In May, the NRC issued the final Environmental Impact Statement.

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