environmental impact statement

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environmental impact statement,

analysis of the impact that a proposed development, usually industrial, will have on the natural and social environment. It includes assessment of long- and short-term effects on the physical environment, such as air, water, and noise pollution, as well as effects on employment, living standards, local services, and aesthetics. The National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 as well as many state and local laws enacted during the late 1960s and early 1970s mandate that these statements be completed before major development projects can begin.

Federal-level environmental impact statements are written by any federal agency on its own behalf or on behalf of a state, local, or private concern that it regulates or funds. Because of the complexity of the environment and the many ways any one project might impinge upon it, the authors of an environmental impact statement usually represent many areas of expertise and may include biologists, sociologists, economists, and engineers. The types of projects covered include dredging, highway or dam construction, and real estate development. A draft statement is submitted to concerned government agencies, especially the Environmental Protection AgencyEnvironmental Protection Agency
(EPA), independent agency of the U.S. government, with headquarters in Washington, D.C. It was established in 1970 to reduce and control air and water pollution, noise pollution, and radiation and to ensure the safe handling and disposal of toxic
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, and to the public for consideration. In some cases litigation arises from environmental groups who want to block a project or from parties who feel that the assessment overstates the risks to the environment to the detriment of economic interests.


See R. K. Jain, L. V. Urban, and G. S. Stacey, Environmental Impact Analysis (2d ed. 1981).

Environmental impact statement

A document required of federal agencies by the National Environmental Policy Act for major projects or legislative proposals significantly affecting the environment. A tool for decision making, it describes the positive and negative effects of undertaking a project and an agency’s alternative actions.

environmental impact statement

[in¦vī·ərn¦mənt·əl ′im‚pakt ‚stāt·mənt]
A report of the potential effect of plans for land use in terms of the environmental, engineering, esthetic, and economic aspects of the proposed objective.

environmental impact statement

A detailed analysis of the probable environmental consequences of proposed federal legislation, major federal actions, or large-scale construction making use of federal funds, likely to have significant effects on environmental quality; such a statement is required by the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. §4321 et seq.).
References in periodicals archive ?
In Oregon, the federal environmental impact statement being prepared by FERC is not viewed as an integral part of a decision process, but rather as a listing of the environmental impacts of a pre-determined decision.
ATOC leaders submitted their federal and state environmental impact statements for California in early May and Hawaii's last week.
Rifkin notes the DOD's new agreement shuts down EMPRESS-II until the Navy completes a new environmental impact statement -- this one showing the simulator would pose no threat to living things at a specific chosen test site, probably in the ocean.
Public consultation on the draft Environmental Impact Statement is expected to begin in mid-2015.
and we'll address those issues as part of the environmental impact statement process," Chapla told SCIENCE NEWS.
This press release contains forward-looking statements regarding the Company, within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act and Section 21E of the Exchange Act, including statements regarding the anticipated timing of the reports, applications and plans related to the Montanore permitting process, anticipated completion of the Preliminary Environmental Impact Statement, and anticipated expenditures for the remainder of 2006.
Transport Minister Scott Emerson said the community can provide feedback on the latest reference design over the next six weeks following the release by the Coordinator-General of the Environmental Impact Statement.
The petitioners assert that the approval of the Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS) and the associated rezoning in late November for the West Side Stadium project was approved via a fatally flawed environmental review process.
wrote in its Environmental Impact Statement that its habitat protection plan will protect aquatic and riparian habitat in the Santa Clara River adjacent to the project.
Army last week released a draft environmental impact statement (EIS) for its proposed construction of a controversial, state-of-the-art biological warfare research facility in Utah.
The map is a working draft for the Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) that will evaluate environmental and land use concerns in the 11 western states.
The federal agencies prepare a detailed Environmental Impact Statement which is filed with EPA and made available for public review and comment for proposed projects with potentially significant impacts.

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