Enzootic

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enzootic

[¦en·zō¦äd·ik]
(veterinary medicine)
A disease affecting animals in a limited geographic region.
Pertaining to such a disease.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Enzootic

 

an animal disease limited to a specific region, farm, or locality. True enzootic diseases are related to natural conditions, such as the animals’ natural area of distribution, sources of the causative agent, the presence of specific carriers, the viability of the causative agent outside the body of the animal, and an insufficient quantity of trace elements in the soil.

Statistical enzootic diseases are related to the agricultural activities of man and the veterinary maintenance. True enzootics are not registered throughout a whole region (for example, natural focal diseases), while statistical enzootics are widespread (for example, Escherichia coli and salmonella infections).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
"Raising awareness of this disease is vital if we are to ensure that pregnant women don't put themselves at risk." There are also other equally potentially harmful diseases which can be passed from lambing ewes to pregnant women, such as chlamydiosis (enzootic abortion of ewes - EAE), and listeriosis.
As we are noticing summer is rapidly coming to an end and now is the time to consider vaccination of ewes to prevent two of the main causes of abortion - enzootic abortion of ewes and toxoplasmosis.
Enzootic abortion of ewes is caused by the organism Chlamydia psittaci.